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1934 FIFA WORLD CUP Copa Mundial de Fútbol de 1934
  THEFIFAWORLDCUPS    
 
1934 WORLD CUP - ITALY  
  1934 WORLD CUP ITALY  
                                           
   
                                           
                                         
                           
  We play football. We love football.          
  We breathe football. We live football.        
                         
                                         
                                         
  1934 WORLD CUP  
   
The 1934 FIFA World Cup took place in Italy from 27 May to 10 June 1934. This World Cup saw a mix of sports and politics, since it was staged under the Fascist rule of Benito Mussolini. 16 teams from 4 confederations participated in the final tournament: 12 teams from UEFA (Europe), 2 from CONMEBOL (South America), 1 from CONCACAF (North America, Central America and the Caribbean) and 1 from CAF (Africa). 10 teams made their first World Cup presentation (Italy, Germany, Spain, Netherlands, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Sweden, Austria, Switzerland and Egypt).

Uruguay, the defending champion, declined to participate in retaliation at the refusal of several European nations to travel to Uruguay for the previous world cup. The Italian style prevailed in this World Cup, even though Italy won some very controversial games.

 
     
 
 
 

Guaita scores the winning goal in the 1934 World Cup semifinal against Austria in Milan

Italian team line up saluting Benito Mussolini

 
     
   
Quick facts  
   
  Teams
  16
  When
  27 May 1934 to 10 June 1934 Federale 102
  Matches
  17
  Venues
  8
  Attendance
  363,000 (average 21,353)
  Goals scored
  70 (4.11 per match)
 
   
ITALY 2-1 CZECHOSLOVAKIA
  Champion
  Italy
 Golden shoe
1
5
  Runner-up
  Czechoslovakia
2
4
  Third place
4
  Fourth Place
  Austria
 
 
   
     
  The world in 1934  
   
The Great Depression affected most of the industrialized nations in the world (1929-1939).
Spain becomes a republic with overthrow of King Alfonso XIII (1931).
Empire State Building, the world’s tallest building, completed (1931).
The Africa's first cross-continental railroad line is completed (1931).
Canada gets almost complete legislative independence from the Parliament of the United Kingdom (1931).
The Parliament of Australia and Parliament of New Zealand gain full legislative authority over their territories (1931).
New Delhi becomes the capital of India (1931).
The 1931 Central China floods, the deadliest natural disaster ever recorded, kills between 1.34 to 4 million people (1931).
Japan invades China and takes control of Manchuria (1932).
Nazis win the German elections (1932).
70,000 killed in a brutal earthquake in China (1932).
The French President, Paul Doumer, is murdered (1932).
The Summer Olympic Games take place in Los Angeles, United States (1932).
Colombia and Peru War (1932-1933).
 
 
Empire State Building
Air France begins operations
Amelia Earhart
   
The Chaco World, the war between Bolivia and Paraguay over the disputed territory of Gran Chaco, begins (1932).
Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to cross the Atlantic alone (1932).
Franklin Roosevelt becomes President of the United States (1932).
The Nissan Motor Company is founded in Tokyo, Japan (1933).
Air France begins operations (1933). 
Germany, U.S. and British sunk into depression (1933).
Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany (1933).
Hitler becomes führer (1934).
Mao Zedong begins the Long March (1934).
Einstein writes The World as I See It (1934).
Alexander I of Yugoslavia, the first King of Yugoslavia, is assassinated in 1934 during a visit to France (1934).
Augusto Sandino, a Nicaraguan revolutionary and leader of a rebellion against the U.S. military occupation of Nicaragua between 1927 and 1933, is assassinated in Managua, Nicaragua (1934).
Lázaro Cárdenas becomes President of Mexico (1934).
Alcatraz becomes a Federal Prison (1934).
 
     
   
  Antecedents  
   
After a very slow process in which the executive committee of The International Federation of Association Football, FIFA, met many times, Italy was chosen as host nation at the congress held in Stockholm, Sweden on October 1932. The decision was taken by the executive committee, without carrying out the vote of its members. Italian dictator Benito Mussolini, Il Duce, personally took charge of the organization. Sweden had also submitted the bid to host  the championship, but the Italian bid was chosen in preference to one  from Sweden.

It was a much bigger tournament than the one done four years ago in Uruguay. Eight cities hosted the tournament (Milan, Rome, Florence, Naples, Bologna, Turin, Genoa, and Trieste) in comparison with Uruguay which had a single city, Montevideo.

England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales decided not to participate because they felt that their international championship was much better than the one to be staged in Italy. Uruguay, the defending champion, did not enter because the European nations did not travel to Uruguay for the previous world cup. This was the only time in World Cup history that the reigning champion decided not to participate.

The championship of Italy had important political connotations. Benito Mussolini used the World Cup to showcase the strengths of Italy and to promote his fascist regime to the world. Il Duce did not miss any of the Azzurra team matches.

 
 
Italy in 1934
 
   
      
Qualification  
   
 Participating countries:
32
 Withdrew:
3
 Qualified automatically:
2
 Teams that played at least one qualifying match:
27
 Matches:
27
 Total goals:
141 (5.22 per match)
 
     
 

This was the first time that the World Cup qualification took place. The First World Cup proved to be such a success that now many more teams wanted to participate in Italy. 32 nations entered the competition, therefore FIFA convened a qualifying round to reduce the field of aspirants to 16 teams. The qualifying matches were arranged on a geographical basis. Italy, regardless of who was the host nation, had to qualify. This was the first and only time in World Cup history the host nation was not  granted automatic qualification. After the World Cup Preliminaries, 16 teams went to the final stage to be held in Italy. The 16 available spots were distributed in continental zones as shown below:

Europe (UEFA): 21 teams (including Irish Free State) competed for 12 direct places.
South America (CONMEBOL): 4 teams competed for 2 spots. Peru and Chile withdrew, so Brazil and Argentina qualified automatically.
North America, Central America and Caribbean (CONCACAF): 4 teams competed for 1 spot.
Asia (AFC) and Africa (CAF): 3 teams competed for 1 spot. Turkey  withdrew.
 

The first World Cup qualifying match was played on June 11, 1933 when Sweden defeated Estonia 6-2 in Stockholm. On the other hand, the last team to qualify for the final stage was the United States, who had submitted their entry too late and had to play a one-off match with Mexico in Rome, just three days before the start of the championship.

An extremely curious note occurred in the Palestinian team. The qualification matches for the 1934 World Cup were contested by a Palestine/Eretz Israel team made up exclusively of Jewish and British players. The Palestine Football Association says that was a "Jewish" team which represented Palestine, and Arab Palestine had no relation to this team.

 
The teams that qualified for the World Cup were:
 
Flag
Team
Final Appearance
Streak
Last Appearance
 Argentina
2
2
 Austria
1
1
 Belgium
2
2
 Brazil
2
2
 Czechoslovakia
1
1
 Egypt
1
1
 France
2
2
 Germany
1
1
 Hungary
1
1
 Italy
1
1
 Netherlands
1
1
 Romania
2
2
 Spain
1
1
 Sweden
1
1
 Switzerland
1
1
 United States
2
2
 
External link:
RSSSF 1934 FIFA World Cup Qualification
 
   
 

CAF

CONCACAF   CONMEBOL   UEFA
 
     
      
  Format and seedings  
   
The group stage used in the first World Cup was dropped in favor of a straight knockout tournament. The idea was simple: if you lose, you go home. Teams play for 90 minutes. If there is a tie after ninety minutes, thirty minutes of extra time are added. If the score remains tied after the additional time, the match would be replayed at a date established by the organizing committee.

The eight seeded teams were: Argentina, Brazil, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Austria, Czechoslovakia and Hungary.

 
     
   
  Squads  
   
For a complete list of all squads that appeared in the 1934 FIFA World Cup, please, visit: 1934 World Cup squads

 
     
   
  Venues  
   
Unlike four years earlier when all the matches were played in Montevideo, eight cities hosted the tournament. The Host Cities for the 1934 FIFA World Cup were Milan, Rome, Florence, Naples, Bologna, Turin, Genoa, and Trieste.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
   
   
   
 
     
  Match officials  
   
25 match officials from 12 countries and 2 confederation were the responsible for enforcing the laws of the game during the course of the 17 World Cup matches.
 
   
   
Pos
Flag
Cf
Match Official
R
AR
AP
1
  Rinaldo Barlassina
3
0
1
0
  Ivan Eklind
3
0
1
0
3
  Rene Mercet
2
1
1
0
  Francesco Mattea
2
0
1
1
5
  Louis Baert
1
3
1
0
  Alois Beranek
1
2
1
0
  Alfred Birlem
1
1
1
0
  Albino Carraro
1
1
1
0
  Johannes van Moorsel 
1
1
1
0
  Eugen Braun
1
0
1
0
  Jan Langenus
1
0
2
0
 
   
   
   
   
     
     
  TOURNAMENT SUMMARY  
   

This was a straight knockout tournament, completely different to that of the first World Cup.  There was no opening group stage, so the tournament was a knockout stage from the start. The first round had some facts worth noting. All eight first round matches kicked off at the same time. The hosts and favourites Italy defeated USA by a resounding 7-1. On the other hand, Argentina with internal disputes and a team that did not include any of the players who participated in the final of the previous world cup, lost to Sweden 3-2. These were the two most prominent games in the first round. It was the only time in World Cup history that the last eight consisted entirely of European teams.

 
   
 
Argentina players training prior to one of their matches
The Brazilian team
 
   
In the quarter-finals, the first surprise occurred. Top seed, Italy, could not beat Spain neither in regular time nor in extra-time; so they replayed the game the next day. Italy won the replay 1–0, thanks to Giuseppe Meazza's goal in the 12th minute. This was the first replayed match in World Cup history.  In another outstanding quarter-finals game, Czechoslovakia ended the hopes of Switzerland, defeating them 3-2. Germany and Austria also advanced to the next stage.

In the semi-finals, Italy beat Austria by the same score on a rain-sodden pitch in Milan. Meanwhile, Czechoslovakia secured their place in the final by defeating Germany 3–1. Three days before the final, the third place match saw the victory of Germanyover Austria 2-1.

The 1934 FIFA World Cup Final was contested by the hosts Italy and Czechoslovakia in the multi-purpose Stadio Nazionale PNF in Rome. A crowd of 55,000 people attended the final. The victory fell to host team 2-1 after extra time.  Czechoslovakia led the game 1-0 until the minute 80th. However, with nine minutes left in regulation Argentine-born Raimundo Orsi beat Czech goalkeeper Frantisek Planicka in the minute 81th, and another goal at extra-time from Angelo Schiavio were enough to be crowned World Cup winners.  Italy became the first European winners of the FIFA World Cup.

 
   
 
The Sweden team before their the game against Germany in a 1934 FIFA World Cup quarter-final
The Azurrin win the World Cup
 
     
     
First round  
  Report    
Date: 27 May 1934
Spain
3-1
Brazil    
Stadium: Stadio Luigi Ferraris
J. Iraragorri 18' (pen.), 25'
Leônidas 25'  
Venue: Genoa  
Attendance: 21,000    
Referee: Alfred Birlem (Germany)    
 
       
  Report    
Date: 27 May 1934
Hungary
4-2
Egypt    
Stadium: Stadio Giorgio Ascarelli A. Fawzi 35', 39'  
Venue: Naples
G. Toldi 31', 61'
   
Attendance: 9,000    
Referee: Rinaldo Barlassina (Italy)    
 
       
  Report    
Date: 27 May 1934
Switzerland
3-2
Netherlands    
Stadium: Stadio San Siro
L. Kielholz 7', 43'
K. Smit 29'  
Venue: Milan L. Vente 69'  
Attendance: 33,000      
Referee: Ivan Eklind (Sweden)    
 
       
      Report      
Date: 27 May 1934
Italy
7-1
United States    
Stadium: Stadio Nazionale PNF
A. Schiavio 18', 29', 64'
A. Donelli 57'  
Venue: Rome
R. Orsi 20', 69'
   
Attendance: 25,000    
Referee: Rene Mercet (Switzerland)    
 
       
  Report    
Date: 27 May 1934
Czechoslovakia
2-1
Romania    
Stadium: Stadio Littorio S. Dobay 11'  
Venue: Trieste    
Attendance: 9,000      
Referee: John Langenus (Belgium)    
 
     
  Report  
Date: 27 May 1934
Sweden
3-2
Argentina  
Stadium: Stadio Littoriale E. Belis 4'
Venue: Bologna A. Galateo 48'
Attendance: 14,000    
Referee: Erwin Braun (Austria)  
     
  Report  
  a.e.t.  
Date: 27 May 1934
Austria
3-2
France  
Stadium: Stadio Benito Mussolini   J. Nicolas 18'
Venue: Turin G. Verriest 116' (pen.)
Attendance: 16,000  
Referee: Johannes van Moorsel (Netherlands)    
     
  Report  
Date: 27 May 1934
Germany
5-2
Belgium  
Stadium: Stadio Giovanni Berta B. Voorhoof 29', 43'
Venue: Florence  
Attendance: 8,000
E. Conen 66', 70', 87'
 
Referee: Francesco Mattea (Italy)  
   
   
Quarter-finals
  Report  
Date: 31 May 1934
Austria
2-1
Hungary  
Stadium: Stadio Littoriale G. Sárosi 60' (pen.)
Venue: Bologna  
Attendance: 23,000      
Referee: Francesco Mattea (Italy)    
     
  Report  
  a.e.t.  
Date: 31 May 1934
Italy
1-1
Spain  
Stadium: Stadio Giovanni Berta   L. Regueiro 30'
Venue: Florence
 
Attendance: 35,000    
Referee: Louis Baert (Belgium)  
     
      Report    
Date: 31 May 1934
Germany
2-1
Sweden  
Stadium: Stadio San Siro
K. Hohmann 60', 63'
G. Dunker 82'
Venue: Milan    
Attendance: 3,000    
Referee: Rinaldo Barlassina (Italy)  
     
  Report  
Date: 31 May 1934
Czechoslovakia
3-2
Switzerland  
Stadium: Stadio Benito Mussolini L. Kielholz 12'
Venue: Turin W. Jäggi 78'
Attendance: 12,000  
Referee: Alois Beranek (Austria)
 
 
Replay        
    Report    
Date: 1 June 1934
Italy
1-0
Spain  
Stadium: Stadio Giovanni Berta  
Venue: Florence    
Attendance: 43,000    
Referee: Rene Mercet (Switzerland)    
     
   
Semi-finals
     
  Report  
Date: 3 June 1934
Italy
1-0
Austria  
Stadium: Stadio San Siro  
Venue: Milan    
Attendance: 35,000    
Referee: Ivan Eklind (Sweden)  
     
  Report  
Date: 3 June 1934
Czechoslovakia
3-1
Germany  
Stadium: Stadio Nazionale PNF
O. Nejedlý 21', 69', 80'
R. Noack 62'
Venue: Rome    
Attendance: 15,000    
Referee: Rinaldo Barlassina (Italy)  
     
   
Third-place match
     
  Report  
Date: 7 June 1934
Germany
3-2
Austria  
Stadium: Stadio Giorgio Ascarelli
E. Lehner 1', 42'
J. Horvath 28'
Venue: Naples K. Sesta 54'
Attendance: 7,000    
Referee: Albino Carraro (Italy)    
       
     
Final  
     
  Report  
  a.e.t.  
Date: 10 June 1934
Italy
2-1
Czechoslovaquia  
Stadium: Stadio Nazionale PNF   A. Puč 71'
Venue: Rome  
Attendance: 55,000    
Referee: Ivan Eklind (Sweden)  
       
   
 

Czechoslovakia team before facing Italy in the final match in Rome

The fascist salute of the Italy team before facing Czechoslovakia in the final match
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Standings
     
     
 
Pos
Flag
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Ap.
Cs.
1
 Italy
5
4
1
0
12
3
9
9
1
1
2
 Czechoslovakia
4
3
0
1
9
6
3
6
1
1
3
 Germany
4
3
0
1
11
8
3
6
1
1
4
 Austria
4
2
0
2
7
7
0
4
1
1
Eliminated in the quarter-finals
5
 Spain
3
1
1
1
4
3
1
3
1
1
6
 Hungary
2
1
0
1
5
4
1
2
1
1
7
 Switzerland
2
1
0
1
5
5
0
2
1
1
8
 Sweden
2
1
0
1
4
4
0
2
1
1
Eliminated in the round of 16
9
 Argentina
1
0
0
1
2
3
-1
0
2
2
 France
1
0
0
1
2
3
-1
0
2
2
 Netherlands
1
0
0
1
2
3
-1
0
1
1
12
 Romania
1
0
0
1
1
2
-1
0
2
2
13
 Egypt
1
0
0
1
2
4
-2
0
1
1
14
 Brazil
1
0
0
1
1
3
-2
0
2
2
15
 Belgium
1
0
0
1
2
5
-3
0
2
2
16
 United States
1
0
0
1
1
7
-6
0
2
2
 
       
 
     
       
  STATISTICS
     
     
Top scorers
 
 

In total, 70 goals were scored by 45 players.

FIFA initially credited Nejedlý only four goals, which made him the event's scorer jointly with Angelo Schiavio (Italy) and Edmund Conen (Germany). In November 2006, FIFA corrected and changed to 5 the number of goals, making Nejedlý alone in the top scorer of the championship. Nejedly is now credited with all three of his country’s goals in their 3-1 victory over Germany in the 1934 World Cup semi-final.

   
 
   
   
   
 
Czechoslovakia (1909-1990)
Germany (1914-1990)
Italy (1905-1990)
   
   
        
Overall top goalscorers
   
Pos
Flag
Player
G
30
34
1
 Guillermo Stábile
8
8
 
2
 Oldřich Nejedlý
5
 
5
 Pedro Cea
5
5
 
4
 Angelo Schiavio
4
 
4
 Edmund Conen
4
 
4
 Bert Patenaude
4
4
 
7
 Carlos Peucelle
3
3
 
 Preguinho
3
3
 
 Peregrino Anselmo
3
3
 
 Raimundo Orsi
3
 
3
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
     
Number of players and goals till 1934
   
 

The number of players from each country who scored at least one goal is shown in the following table.

   
   
Pos
Flag
Team
NP
NDP
30
34
Ch
 
82
82
37
45
1
9
9
7
2
0
2
  Austria
6
6
6
  Germany
6
6
6
6
6
6
0
5
  Italy
5
5
5
  France
5
5
3
2
0
5
5
4
1
-2
8
  Czechoslovakia
4
4
4
  Hungary
4
4
4
  Romania
4
4
3
1
-3
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Scoring frequency by team
   
Absolute frequency is a statistical term describing the number of times a particular piece of data, or value, appears during a trial or set of trials. Essentially, it is the number of times a particular thing happens. For example, in this World Cup a player from Italy scored four goals, one scored three goals, two scored two goals and one more scored 1 goal. The sum of the absolute frequency represents the number of players that scored at least one goal (5 players in the case of Italy: 1 + 1 + 2 + 1 = 5). The sum of the product between the number of times per value results in the number of goals for a team (12 goals in the case of Italy: 1*4 + 1*3 + 2*2 + 1*1 = 12).
 
   
   
Pos
Flag
Team
NG
NP
5
4
3
2
1
 
70
45
1
2
2
11
29
1
  Italy
12
5
1
1
2
1
2
  Germany
11
6
1
2
3
3
  Czechoslovakia
9
4
1
1
2
4
  Austria
7
6
1
5
5
  Hungary
5
4
1
3
  Switzerland
5
3
1
2
7
  Spain
4
3
1
2
  Sweden
4
3
1
2
9
  Belgium
2
1
1
  Egypt
2
1
1
  Netherlands
2
2
2
2
2
2
  France
2
2
2
14
  Brazil
1
1
1
  Romania
1
1
1
1
1
1
 
   
   
   
Scoring frequency by team till 1934
   
   
Pos
Flag
Team
TOT
NP
NDP
8
5
4
3
2
1
Ch
 
140
82
82
1
2
3
6
22
48
 
1
20
9
9
1
1
2
5
0
2
15
6
6
1
1
3
1
0
3
  Italy
12
5
5
1
1
2
1
4
  Germany
11
6
6
1
2
3
5
  Czechoslovakia
9
4
4
1
1
2
6
8
5
5
1
4
-3
7
  Austria
7
6
6
1
5
  Yugoslavia
7
4
4
1
1
2
-4
9
  Brazil
6
3
3
1
1
1
-4
  France
6
5
5
1
4
-2
 
   
   
Interesting facts
   
 
Milestone goals. The goal number 100 in the World Cups history was scored by Angelo Schiavio from Italy in Rome on May 27, 1934.Schiavio scored the 5-1. Italy defeated USA 7-1.
This was the only time in World Cup history than eight European teams advanced to the quarterfinals.
Italy, the world champion, conceded only three goals in five matches, a record for a world champion.
The first player to miss a penalty in the World Cup history was Waldemar de Brito from Brazil in a match against Spain on May 27, 1934. Spain beat Brazil 3 to 1.
The first tied match in the World Cups history was between Italy and Spain, in Florence, on May 31, 1934. After two World Cups there is only one game tied.
The first match with extra-time in the World Cups history was between Austria and France, in Turin, on May 27, 1934. Austria beat France 3 to 2 in extra-time.
The first replayed match in World Cups history took place in quarter-finals, when Italy and Spain drew 1-1 after extra time. Italy won the replay 1-0.
The first final with extra-time in the World Cups history was between Italy and Czechoslovakia, in Rome, on 10 June 1934. Italy beat Czechoslovakia 2 to 1.
Belgium has three straight losses from 1930 to 1934.
Luis Monti holding the record for most finals played with different teams: Argentina (1930), Italy (1934).
Italy became the second host nation to win the World Cup.
Hat-tricks: Angelo Schiavio (Italy), Edmund Conen (Germany), Oldřich Nejedlý (Hungary)
The youngest player was Roberto Irañeta from Argentina: 19y (21 March 1915). The youngest goalkeeper was Kamel Masaoud from Egypt: 19y (02 August 1914). The youngest scorer was Edmund Conen from Germany: 19y (10 November 1914). The youngest champion was Felice Borel from Italy: 20y (05 April 1914). The youngest captain was Martim from Brazil: 23y (2 March 1911).
The oldest player was Tom Florie from United States: 36y (06 September 1897). The oldest goalkeeper and oldest captain was Ricardo Zamora from Spain: 33y (21 January 1901). The oldest scorer was Raimundo Orsi from Italy: 32y (02 December 1901). The oldest champion was Luis Monti from Italy: 33 years (15 May 1901).
 
 
 
 
Benito Mussolini

The Brazilian team arrives at the stadium in Genoa to face Spain in first round

 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Clubs and players
   
The most important teams that contributed players to the national teams are shown in the table below.
   
   
 
   
   
Clubs and players up to 1934
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
        
Leagues and players
   
 
The leagues that contributed players to the national teams are shown in the table below.
   
   
Pos
Flag
League
NP
1
  France
23
  Switzerland 23
3
  Austria
22
  Belgium 22
  Germany 22
  Hungary 22
  Italy 22
  Netherlands 22
  Spain 22
10
19
 
   
   
   
Leagues and players up to 1934
   
   
Pos
Flag
League
NP
30
34
1
 France
42
19
23
2
 Argentina
40
22
18
3
 Brazil
39
24
15
4
 Belgium
38
16
22
5
 United States
35
16
19
6
 Romania
30
15 15
7
 Uruguay
24
22
2
8
 Switzerland
23
23
9
 Austria
22
22
 Germany
22
22
 
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
H-index, i-10 index and ne
   
 
Pos
Flag
League
H-index
I-10 index
NT
Ch
1
 Brazil 4 1
11
+1
2
 France 4 0
17
+6
3
 Belgium 4 0
15
+4
4
 Austria 4 0
5
-2
5
 Uruguay 3 1
8
6
 Argentina 3 0
23
-5
7
 United States 3 0
17
+3
8
 Romania 3 0
16
0
9
 Spain 3 0
10
10
 Hungary 3 0
5
 
 
 
 
   
   
        
Head coaches
   
Vittorio Pozzo was the head coach of the Italy national football team that leading the host nation to victory in the second World Cup.
   
   
 
Pos
Flag
Tm
Head coach
Pld
W
AP
Perf.
1
  Vittorio Pozzo
5
4
1
80%
2
  Karel Petrů
4
3
1
75%
3
4
3
1
75%
4
4
2
1
50%
5
2
1
1
50%
2
1
1
50%
2
1
1
50%
  Amadeo García
3
1
1
33%
9
  Hector Goetinck
1
0
2
0%
 
1
0
2
0%
1
0
1
0%
1
0
1
0%
1
0
1
0%
1
0
1
0%
1
0
1
0%
1
0
1
0%
1
0
1
0%
 
 
Vittorio Pozzo (1886-1968)
 
   
 
Costel Rădulescu (Romania, 1896-1981) and  Josef Uridil (Austria, 1895-1962) were both the head coaches of Romania in 1934.
 
   
   
   
  Head coaches and statistics through 1934
   
   
 
Pos
Flag
Tm
Head coach
Pld
W
AP
Perf.
WC1
1
4
4
1
100%
30
5
4
1
80%
34
  Francisco Olazar
5
4
1
80%
30
5
4
1
80%
30
5
4
3
1
75%
34
4
3
1
75%
34
7
3
2
1
67%
30
3
2
1
67%
30
3
2
1
67%
30
4
2
1
50%
34
   
   
   
Head coaches' home country & statistics

 

 
   
Pos
Flag
Home country
Pld
W
Nhc
Perf.
1
  Italy
5
4
1
80%
2
  Czechoslovakia
4
3
1
75%
  Germany
4
3
1
75%
4
  Hungary
4
2
2
50%
  Austria
5
2
2
40%
6
  Switzerland
2
1
1
50%
  Spain
3
1
1
33%
9
1
0
1
0%
  Belgium
1
0
1
0%
  Brazil
1
0
1
0%
  Romania
1
0
1
0%
  Scotland
1
0
1
0%
1
0
1
0%
  England
2
0
2
0%
 
   
   
   
Head coaches' home country & statistics through 1934
   
   
Pos
Flag
Home country
Pld
W
Nhc
Perf.
1
13
9
4
69%
2
4
4
1
100%
  Italy
5
4
1
80%
  Hungary
7
4
3
57%
5
  Czechoslovakia
4
3
1
75%
  Germany
4
3
1
75%
7
  Yugoslavia
3
2
1
67%
4
2
2
50%
  Austria
5
2
2
40%
  Romania
5
2
3
40%
 
 
   
   
   
        
 
Match officials, countries and confederations
 
 
 
25 match officials from 12 countries and 2 confederation were the responsible for enforcing the laws of the game during the course of the 17 world cup matches.
 
 
The order of the table is based on the matches as referee.
   
   
 
Pos
Flag
Cf
Home country
TOT
R
AR
1
  Italy
17
6
11
2
  Sweden
3
3
0
3
  Belgium
5
2
3
  Austria
4
2
2
  Switzerland
3
2
1
6
  Netherlands
2
1
1
  Germany
2
1
1
8
  Czechoslovakia
4
0
4
  Hungary
4
0
4
  Spain
4
0
4
  France
2
0
2
  Egypt
1
0
1
 
   
 
Pos
Logo
Confederation
R
Per.
AR
Per.
1
  UEFA
17
100%
33
97%
2
  CAF
0
0%
1
3%
 
 
 
Match officials, countries and confederations through 1934
 
 
Pos
Flag
Cf
Home country
TOT
R
AR
Ch
1
  Belgium
16
7
9
0
2
  Italy
17
6
11
3
16
5
11
-2
4
  Brazil
5
3
2
-1
  Sweden
3
3
0
6
  Austria
4
2
2
3
2
1
-2
  Switzerland
3
2
1
9
  France
6
1
5
-4
  Bolivia
6
1
5
-4
     
     
 
Pos
Logo
Confederation
R
Per.
AR
Per.
 
35
70
1
  UEFA
23
66%
44
63%
2
  CONMEBOL
12
34%
23
33%
3
0
0%
2
3%
4
  CAF
0
0%
1
1%
 
   
 
 
Match officials through 1934
 
 
Pos
Flag
Cf
Match Official
TOT
R
AR
AP
1
 Jan Langenus
7
5
2
2
1
2
 Gilberto de Almeida Rêgoêgo
5
3
2
1
0
 Rinaldo Barlassina
3
3
0
1
0
 Ivan Eklind
3
3
0
1
0
5
 José Macías
3
2
1
1
0
 Rene Mercet
3
2
1
1
0
 Aníbal Tejada
3
2
1
1
0
 Francesco Mattea
2
2
0
1
1
9
 Ulises Saucedo
6
1
5
1
0
 Henri Christophe
5
1
4
1
0
 
   
   
        
   
   
  

 
Discipline
 
 
This section presents the statistics of all dissmissals and cautions since the first 1930 FIFA World Cup held in Uruguay. However, the use of red and yellow cards to indicate sent-off and cautions were officially introduced at the 1970 World Cup.
 
 
 
Teams' discipline
   
 
Red cards are one of the most remarkable event that can impact the outcome of a game after goals and penalties. The team receiving the red card is in a vulnerable position and faces a significant disadvantage, mainly if it occurs in the first half. The opposing side on the other hand, receives the advantage and the score is more likely to be in their favor.
   
 
 
Pos
Flag
Penalized Team
TC
1
  Hungary
1
1
0
Pos
Flag
Benefited Team
TC
1
  Austria
1
1
0
   
 
   
Teams' discipline up to 1934
   
   
 
Pos
Flag
Penalized Team
TC
1
  Peru
1
1
0
  Hungary
1
1
0
Pos
Flag
Benefited Team
TC
1
  Romania
1
1
0
  Austria
1
1
0
   
   
   
Matches' discipline
   
 
 
Pos
WC
CI
Date
TC
Match
1
1934
QF
31 May 34
1
1
0
Austria
3-1
Hungary
   
   
   
Matches' discipline up to 1934
   
 
 
Pos
WC
CI
Date
TC
Match
1
1930
FR-G3
14 Jul 30
1
1
0
Romania
3-1
Peru
1934
QF
31 May 34
1
1
0
Austria
3-1
Hungary
   
   
   
World Cup's discipline
   
 
 
Pos
WC
TC
1
1934
1
1
0
   
   
   
World Cups' discipline up to 1934
   
 
 
Pos
WC
TC
1
1930
1
1
0
1934
1
1
0
 
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
Attendance
   
 

The total attendance at the World Cup as well as both the total and average attendance for each of the national teams is shown in the table below.

   
   
 
Pos
Flag
Team
Total
#M
Avg.
  
363,000
17
21,353
1
  Italy
193,000
5
38,600
2
  Spain
99,000
3
33,000
3
  Czechoslovakia
91,000
4
22,750
4
  Austria
81,000
4
20,250
5
  Switzerland
45,000
2
22,500
6
  Netherlands
33,000
1
33,000
7
  Germany
33,000
4
8,250
8
  Hungary
32,000
2
16,000
9
  United States
25,000
1
25,000
10
  Brazil
21,000
1
21,000
11
  Sweden
17,000
2
8,500
12
  France
16,000
1
16,000
13
  Argentina
14,000
1
14,000
14
  Egypt
9,000
1
9,000
15
  Romania
9,000
1
9,000
16
  Belgium
8,000
1
8,000
   
   
   
Cumulative attendance till 1934
   
   
Pos
Flag
Team
Total
#M
Avg.
Ch
  
953,549
35
27,244
1
  Uruguay
275,970
4
68,993
0
2
  Argentina
262,200
6
43,700
0
3
  Italy
193,000
5
38,600
4
  United States
134,538
4
33,635
0
5
  Yugoslavia
122,232
3
40,744
-2
6
  Spain
99,000
3
33,000
7
  Czechoslovakia
91,000
4
22,750
8
  Romania
81,571
3
27,190
-3
9
  Austria
81,000
4
20,250
10
  Brazil
70,525
3
23,508
-1
 
   
   
 
Total and average attendance at the world cups
   
   
Pos
World Cup
Total
  
953,549
1
  1930 World Cup
590,549
2
  1934 World Cup
363,000
Pos
World Cup
Average
 
27,244
1
  1930 World Cup
32,808
2
  1934 World Cup
21,353
 
        
      

  Awards and best players
   
 
The top scorer (Golden Shoe) of the tournament was Oldřich Nejedlý from Czechoslovakia, who would go on to score five goals. The names that people probably remember from those times are:
    
 
   
     
    

  All-star team
   
 
The All-Star Team is a team of the best performers at the respective World Cup finals
   
 
 
 
  Cumulative participation by country
 
Pos
Team
Flag
Tot
30
34
Ch
1
7
7
0
2
  Italy
6
 
6
3
  Spain
3
 
3
4
2
2
-2
5
  Austria
1
 
1
  Czechoslovakia
1
 
1
1
1
-2
  Yugoslavia
1
1
-2
       
    

  DID YOU KNOW?
   
 
The Italy's victory might be influenced by Benito Musolini seeking propaganda coups. Il Duce did not miss any of the Azzurra team matches.
Luis Monti and Attilio De Maria have the distinction of having played in two World Cup Finals with two different national teams. They played in the 1930 World Cup Final with their native Argentina and in the 1934 World Cup Final with Italy as one of their oriundis, player of Italian descendent.  Enrique Guaita and Raimundo Orsi, both Argentines, also played for Italy.
Argentina, runner-up of the 1930 FIFA World Cup, went to Italy with an amateur team by internal political problems. The reason was that The Association of Professional Clubs refused to provide their best players. None of the players who participated with Argentina in Uruguay was part of the team.
Brazil took 12 days to reach Italy. They were eliminated in first round by Spain, who had joined them on board along the way.
The Italian Giuseppe Meazza is recognized as the first phenomenon of world football.
Austria, with the help of Matthias Sindelar, nicknamed the man of paper because of its flexibility, was the revelation of the tournament. Austria finished in fourth place.
FIFA took 72 years to recognize that the top goalscorer of the 1934 FIFA World Cup was Nejedlý. This has been officially recognized by FIFA since November 2006, as he was initially credited with only four goals. Nejedlý thus overcame German Edmund Conen and Italian Angelo Schiavio who had four goals. Oldřich Nejedlý died in 1990 at the age of 80 years without knowing the recognition of FIFA, that was 16 years later.
Uruguay remains the only reigning champion in World Cup history not to defend its title.
An extremely curious note occurred in the Palestinian team. The qualification matches for the 1934 World Cup were contested by a Palestine/Eretz Israel team made up exclusively of Jewish and British players. The Palestine football team consisted of nine British footballers, six Jewish footballers and one Arab footballer. The Palestine Football Association says that was a "Jewish" team which represented Palestine, and Arab Palestine had no relation to this team.
   
 

The commentary box during the 1934 World Cup

Spain vs Brazil
Commemorative stamps
   
   
  
          Last updated: 7 August 2020
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