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1938 FIFA WORLD CUP Copa Mundial de Fútbol de 1938
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1938 WORLD CUP - FRANCE  
  1938 WORLD CUP FRANCE  
                                           
   
                                           
                                         
                           
  We play football. We love football.          
  We breathe football. We live football.        
                         
                                         
                                         
  1938 WORLD CUP  
   
The 1938 FIFA World Cup took place in France from June 4 to June 19, 1938. 15 teams of 4 confederations participated in the final tournament: 12 teams from UEFA (Europe), 1 from CONMEBOL (South America), 1 from CONCACAF (North America, Central America and the Caribbean) and 1 from AFC (Asia). Four teams made their first World Cup presentation (Cuba, Dutch East Indies, Norway and Poland). Austria, already classified, was barred from competing for its annexation by Germany and was replaced by Sweden. Asia, on the other hand, was represented for the first time by Indonesia, playing as Dutch East Indies. This is the smallest ever number of teams from outside the host continent to compete at a FIFA World Cup. Brazil, Cuba and Dutch East Indies were the only countries outside the continent to participate in this World Cup.

There was 57 countries affiliated to FIFA and most of them were from Europe. This is one of the reasons why FIFA decided to give the World Cup to France. This was the era of Benito Mussolini in Italy and Adolf Hitler in Germany. Most American teams declined to participate as this would be the second tournament in a row to be played in Europe. They said that there was a previous agreement, which was not respected to host alternate between the two continents. Brazil and Cuba were the only representatives of America.

The Italian style prevailed in this World Cup and they deservedly won the second World Cup title in a row.

 
     
 
 
 
Italy national team

Dutch East indies national team

 
     
   
Quick facts  
   
  Teams
  15
  When
  4 June 1938 to 19 June 1938   
Allen ball
  Matches
  18
  Venues
  10
  Attendance
  375,700 (average 20,872)
  Goals Scored
  84 (4.66 per match)
 
   
ITALY 4-2 HUNGARY
  Champion
  Italy
 Golden shoe
1
7
  Runner-up
  Hungary
2
5
  Third place
  Brazil
5
  Fourth Place
  Sweden
5
 
   
     
  The world in 1938  
   
The German Nazism and Italian Fascism pursue territorial expansionist agendas (1935).
Iceland becomes the first country to legalize abortion (1935).
The longest bridge in the world is opened over the Zambezi River (1935).
Persia is renamed Iran (1935).
The first edition of the Vuelta a España is raced (1935).
The Argentinean Carlos Gardel, the Father of Tango, dies in a plane crash in Colombia (1935).
The Ethiopian Empire (Abyssinia) is invaded by Italy (1935-1936).
The Dictator Francisco Franco comes to the power in Spain (1936).
The Spanish Civil War begins (1936-1939).
China declares war on Japan (1936).
The San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge is opened (1936).
Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, holds the IV Winter Olympic games (1936).
The Summer Olympic Games take place in Berlin (1936).
Pablo Picasso paints Guernica (1937).
Amelia Earhart is lost somewhere in the Pacific on her flight around the world (1937).
German troops enter Austria and Czechoslovakia (1937).
Spanish Civil War: More than 35,000 Republican supporters are massacred in Piedrafita de Babia, near León (1937).
J.R.R. Tolkien publishes The Hobbit (1937).
The dictator Anastasio Somoza becomes President of Nicaragua (1937).
Ernest Hemingway publishesTo Have and Have Not (1937).
Germany annexes Austria (1938).
The 1938 Yellow River flood  was a flood created by the Nationalist Government in central China during the early stage of the Second Sino-Japanese War in an attempt to halt the rapid advance of Japanese forces. People affected: 5 million, the number of dead: 500,000, and the number of homeless: 500,000 (1938).
The second and larges Asian War between Republic of China and the Empire of Japan begins (1937-1945).
The President of Mexico, Lázaro Cárdenas, nationalizes the oil (1938).
Superman, an American cultural idol, a comic book superhero, appears in DC Comics publications (1938).
 
     
   
  Antecedents  
   
The 1938 FIFA World Cup took place before war broke out the following year. Two years after Hitler had used the Berlin Olympics to glorify Nazism, France was chosen to stage the 1938 World Cup at the congress held in Berlin, Germany, on August 13, 1936. Argentina and Germany had also submitted the bid to host the championship, but the France bid was chosen in preference to those from Argentina and Germany. France in the first round of voting had 19 votes, Argentina 4 votes, and Germany 0 votes. It should be noted that there was 57 countries affiliated to FIFA in those years and most of them were from Europe.

FIFA’s decision to hold the World Cup in France was highly controversial and led to the chagrin of many South American countries that were obviously not happy with the decision and so stayed at home. The American countries believed that the venue would alternate between the two continents, as has been previously agreed, and this was not respected. This would be the second tournament in a row to be played in Europe that was on the brink of war. Spain, on the other hand, declined to participate because it was in the midst of civil war.

This was the first time that the host country, France, and former champion, Italy, qualified automatically and escaped the dangerous process of qualification. This rule lasted until 2006 when this was abolished.

 
   
      
Qualification  
   
  Participating countries:
34
  Withdrew:
8
  Qualified automatically:
5
  Teams that played at least one qualifying match:
21
  Matches:
22
  Total goals:
96 (4.36 per match)
 
     
 

A total of 69 teams signed up to participate in the 1938 FIFA World Cup. However, the wars that ravaged the world at that time prevented the participation of many countries. Spain was in the midst of civil war, China and Japan were in full Sino-Japanese war, Austria was excluded by the annexation by Germany, and Argentina, Uruguay, Mexico, Colombia, Costa Rica, and El Salvador refused to take part by the abrupt change of venue.

Finally, a total of 34 countries entered the 1938 World Cup qualification round and competing for a total of 14 spots in the final tournament. France, as the hosts, and Italy, as the defending champions, qualified automatically and occupied the other two spots. The 14 available spots were distributed in continental zones as shown below:

Europe (UEFA): 21 teams (including Palestine/Eretz Israel) competed for 11 direct places. Italy, as defending champion, and France, as the host, qualified automatically.
Americas (CONMEBOL and CONCACAF): 9 teams competed for 2 spots. Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dutch Guiana, El Salvador, Mexico and United States withdrew, so Brazil and Cuba qualified automatically.
Asia (AFC): 2 teams competed for 1 spot. Japan withdrew, so Dutch East Indies qualified automatically.
 

Originally 16 countries qualified and were going to take part of the World Cup. Austria, already classified, was barred from competing for its annexation by Germany. England was invited in its place but declined. Therefore, only 15 teams participated in the final stage in France.

It is worth noting that the Jews, with the cooperation and support of the British side, were able to represent “Palestine” on the international level in the World Cup in both 1934 and 1938. The Palestine Football Association says that was a “Jewish” team which represented Palestine, and Arab Palestine had no relation to this team.

 
The teams that qualified for the World Cup were:
 
Flag
Team
Final Appearance
Streak
Last Appearance
 Belgium
3
3
 Brazil
3
3
 Cuba
1
1
 Czechoslovakia
2
2
 Dutch East Indies
1
1
 France
3
3
 Germany
2
2
 Hungary
2
2
 Italy
2
2
 Netherlands
2
2
 Norway
1
1
 Poland
1
1
 Romania
3
3
 Sweden
2
2
 Switzerland
2
2
 
External link:
RSSSF 1938 FIFA World Cup Qualification
 
     
      
  Format and seedings  
   
The competition followed a knockout format similar to the one celebrated four years before in Italy. The idea was simple: if you lose, you go home. Teams play for 90 minutes, if there is a tie after ninety minutes of regulation, thirty minutes of extra time are added. If the score remains tied after the additional time, the match would be replayed at a date established by the organizing committee.

Germany, France, Italy, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Cuba and Brazil were seeded for draw taking place in Paris, on March 5, 1938.

 
     
   
  Squads  
   
For a complete list of all squads that appeared in the 1938 FIFA World Cup, please, visit: 1938 World Cup squads

 
     
   
  Venues  
   
Ten cities hosted the tournament. The Host Cities for the 1938 FIFA World Cup were Paris, Marseilles, Lyon, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Strasbourg, Le Havre, Reims, Lille, and Antibes.

The only football game scheduled for Lyon was cancelled. This was due to Austria's withdrawal.
 
 
Overall capacity: 60,000
Overall capacity: 48,712
Overall capacity: 48,000
Overall capacity: 35,472
Overall capacity: 34,694
Overall capacity: 30,000
Overall capacity: 16,400
Overall capacity: 21,684
   
Overall capacity: 15,000
Overall capacity: 7,000
 
 
       
  Match officials  
   
Thirteen referees participated in the tournament. All of them were Europeans. Jan Langenus from Belgium, Lucien Leclerq and Georges Capdeville from France, Ivan Eklind from Sweden, and Hans Wüthrich refereed two matches.
 
 
UEFA
Referee
Country
RM
  Alois Beranek
1
  Jan Langenus
2
  Louis Baert
1
  Augustin Krist
1
  Roger Conrié
1
  Lucien Leclerq 
2
  Georges Capdeville
2
  Alfred Birlem
1
  Pal von Hertzka
1
  Giuseppe Scarpi
1
  Rinaldo Barlassina
1
  Ivan Eklind
2
  Hans Wüthrich
2
 
       
       
  TOURNAMENT SUMMARY  
   
The competition followed a knockout format similar to the one celebrated four years before in Italy. The first round had some facts worth noting. Five of the seven first round matches required extra time to break the tie, and two games still had to go to a replay. Italy were lucky to survive the opening round, when they won Norway 2-1 only after extra-time. The tie of the round was contested by Brazil and Poland in a wet and muddy field in Strasbourg on June 5, 1938. The match ended tied 4-4 after regular time, and then Brazil that impressed from the start beat Poland in a 6-5 thriller after extra time. On the Brazilian side, Leônidas scored a hat-trick; and on the Polish side Wilimowski became the first player ever to score four goals in a single World Cup match, but still ending on the losing side. In one replay, Cuba shocked Romania and advanced to the next round. It would be the first World Cup of Cuba, and also the last one. In the other replay, Switzerland ousted Germany 4-2 and Germans (who had enlisted several Austrian players) had to go home early. This was the only time in World Cup history in which Germany failed to advance to the final eight. Sweden advanced directly to the quarter-finals as a result of Austria's withdrawal.

 
   
 
Piola scores Italy's third goal against France  
Switzerland national team
 
   
In the quarter-finals, Sweden that advanced directly to this round as a result of Austria’s  withdrawal, beat Cuba by a devastating 8-0. Italy defeated the hosts France, and Hungary beat Switzerland 2-0. For the first time, the host nation would not win. In the last game, Brazil and Czechoslovakia tied after extra time and had to go to a replay. The Brazilians then knocked out Czechoslovakia in a quarter-final replay and ended the hopes of the Czecoslovak.  The Brazilians played a wonderful football and Leônidas was emerging as the man of the tournament. This was the last ever match to be replayed in a World Cup, with all winners of replay matches in 1938 having been eliminated in the next round.

In the semi-finals, Hungary trashed Sweden 5-1, while Italy defeated Brazil 2-1. Incredibly, the Brazilian coach Adhemar Pimenta made one of the craziest decisions in World Cup history when they decided to rest their star Leônidas confident that they would qualify for the final.

On the same day and at the same time of the final, the third place match saw the victory of Brazil over Sweden 4-2. Leônidas, the “blak diamond” scored two goals.

The 1938 FIFA World Cup Final was contested at the Stade Olympique de Colombes in Paris, before a crowd of 45,000 followers, by Italy, the defending champions, led by Giuseppe Meazza, and Hungary, one of the most successful national teams of those times. Before the finals, Benito Mussolini sent a telegram to the team, saying "Vincere o morire!", which translated meant "Win or die!". Italy, however, showed again the attacking firepower. Gino Colaussi and Silvio Piola scored two each and that was enough to defeat Hungary 4-2. The performance of Italy was impressive in the tournament, won all four of their games.  Italy crowned World Cup champions, and became the first team to successfully defend the title.

 
   
 
Dutch national team
Germany national team
 
     
First round  
  a.e.t.    
Match 1
1-1
Germany    
Date: 4 June 1938 J. Gauchel 29'
Stadium: Parc des Princes    
Venue: Paris    
Attendance: 27,152  
Referee: John Langenus (Belgium)  
   
Match 2
Hungary
6-0
Dutch East Indies  
Date: 5 June 1938  
Stadium: Vélodrome Municipal  
Venue: Reims
G. Sárosi 28', 89'
 
Attendance: 9,000  
Referee: Roger Conrié (France)  
  a.e.t.  
Match 3
Cuba
3-3
Romania  
Date: 5 June 1938
H. Socorro 44', 103'
S. Bindea 35'
Stadium: Chapou
J. Magrina 69'
I. Baratky 88'
Venue: Toulouse   S. Dobay 105'
Attendance: 7,000  
Referee: Giuseppe Scarpi (Italy)  
   
Match 4
3-1
Belgium  
Date: 5 June 1938 H. Isemborghs 38'
Stadium: Olympique de Colombes
J. Nicolas 16', 69'
 
Venue: Paris    
Attendance: 30,454    
Referee: Hans Wüthrich (Switzerland)  
  a.e.t.  
Match 5
2-1
Norway  
Date: 5 June 1938 A. Brustad 83'
Stadium: Vélodrome    
Venue: Marseille      
Attendance: 19,000  
Referee: Alois Beranek (Germany)  
  a.e.t.  
Match 6
6-5
Poland  
Date: 5 June 1938
Leônidas 18', 93', 104'
F. Scherfke 23'
Stadium: Stade de la Meinau
Romeu 25'
E. Wilimowski 53', 59', 89', 118'
Venue: Strasbourg
J. Perácio 44', 71'
 
Attendance: 13,452  
Referee: Ivan Eklind (Sweden)  
  a.e.t.  
Match 7
Czechoslovakia
3-0
Netherlands  
Date: 5 June 1938    
Stadium: Cavée Verte  
Venue: Le Havre  
Attendance: 11,000      
Referee: Lucien Leclerq (France)  
 
Replays
   
Match 8
4-2
Germany  
Date: 9 June 1938 W. Hahnemann 8'
Stadium: Parc des Princes E. Lörtscher o.g. 22'
Venue: Paris
A. Abegglen 75', 78'
 
Attendance: 20,025  
Referee: Ivan Eklind (Sweden)  
   
Match 9
Cuba
2-1
Romania  
Date: 9 June 1938 S. Dobay 35'
Stadium: Chapou  
Venue: Toulouse    
Attendance: 8,000  
Referee: Alfred Birlem (Germany)  
 
   
Quarter-finals
   
Match 10
Hungary
2-0
Switzerland  
Date: 12 June 1938    
Stadium: Victor Boucquey  
Venue: Lille    
Attendance: 15,000  
Referee: Rinaldo Barlassina (Italy)    
   
Match 11
Sweden
8-0
Cuba  
Date: 12 June 1938
H. Andersson 9', 81', 89'
 
Stadium: Stade du Fort Carré
G. Wetterström 22', 37', 44'
 
Venue: Antibes  
Attendance: 7,000  
Referee: Augustin Krist (Czechoslovakia)    
   
Match 12
3-1
France  
Date: 12 June 1938 O. Heisserer 10'
Stadium: Olympique de Colombes
S. Piola 51', 72'
 
Venue: Paris    
Attendance: 58,455    
Referee: Louis Baert (Belgium)  
  a.e.t.  
Match 13
1-1
Czechoslovakia  
Date: 12 June 1938 O. Nejedlý 65'
Stadium: Parc Lescure    
Venue: Bordeaux    
Attendance: 22,021  
Referee: Pal von Hertzka (Hungary)  
 
Replay
   
Match 14
2-1
Czechoslovakia  
Date: 14 June 1938 V. Kopecký 25'
Stadium: Parc Lescure  
Venue: Bordeaux    
Attendance: 18,141  
Referee: George Capdeville (France)  
   
Semi-finals
   
Match 15
Hungary
5-1
Sweden  
Date: 16 June 1938
S. Jacobsson o.g. 19'
A. Nyberg 1'
Stadium: Parc des Princes  
Venue: Paris  
Attendance: 20,000  
Referee: Lucien Leclerq (France)    
 
       
Match 16
2-1
Brazil  
Date: 16 June 1938 Romeu 87'
Stadium: Vélodrome  
Venue: Marseille    
Attendance: 33,000  
Referee: Hans Wüthrich (Switzerland)  
   
Third-place match
   
Match 17
4-2
Sweden  
Date: 19 June 1938
Romeu 44'
S. Jonasson 28'
Stadium: Parc Lescure
Leônidas 63', 74'
A. Nyberg 38'
Venue: Bordeaux  
Attendance: 12,000      
Referee: John Langenus (Belgium)    
     
Final  
   
Match 18
4-2
Hungary  
Date: 19 June 1938
G. Colaussi 6', 35'
  P. Titkos 8'
Stadium: Olympique de Colombes
S. Piola 16', 82'
G. Sárosi 70'
Venue: Paris    
Attendance: 45,000  
  Referee: George Capdeville (France)  
   
 
Italian captain Giuseppe Meazza shakes hands with Hungarian captain Gyorgy Sarosi at the start of the final
The italian team - Pozzo is lifting the cup for the second tournament in succession
 
   
   
Standings
       
 
Pos
Flag
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Perf.
Sum(P/Nt)
Title
Pt
Ap.
1
 Italy
4
4
0
0
11
5
6
8
2.00
0.0667
15.00
C
2
2
 Hungary
4
3
0
1
15
5
10
6
1.50
0.1333
7.50
F
2
3
 Brazil
5
3
1
1
14
11
3
7
1.40
0.2000
5.63
TP
3
4
 Sweden
3
1
0
2
11
9
2
2
0.67
0.2667
3.75
FP
2
5
 Czechoslovakia
3
1
1
1
5
3
2
3
1.00
0.3333
2.00
2R
2
6
 France
2
1
0
1
4
4
0
2
1.00
0.4000
2.00
2R
3
7
 Switzerland
3
1
1
1
5
5
0
3
1.00
0.4667
2.00
2R
2
8
 Cuba
3
1
1
1
5
12
-7
3
1.00
0.5333
2.00
2R
1
9
 Romania
2
0
1
1
4
5
-1
1
0.50
0.6000
1.00
1R
3
10
 Germany
2
0
1
1
3
5
-2
1
0.50
0.6667
1.00
1R
2
11
 Poland
1
0
0
1
5
6
-1
0
0.00
0.7333
1.00
1R
1
12
 Norway
1
0
0
1
1
2
-1
0
0.00
0.8000
1.00
1R
1
13
 Belgium
1
0
0
1
1
3
-2
0
0.00
0.8667
1.00
1R
3
14
 Netherlands
1
0
0
1
0
3
-3
0
0.00
0.9333
1.00
1R
2
15
 Dutch East Indies
1
0
0
1
0
6
-6
0
0.00
1.0000
1.00
1R
1
 
       
 
 Where: Perf.: Performance   Sum(P/Nt): Position between all the participant teams   Pt: Reached round
 PtsS: Points scored for statistics   Ap: Appearances in world cups
     
       
  STATISTICS
     
     
Goalscorers
   
 
Player
Country
Flag
Goals
 Leônidas  Brazil
7
 G. Zsengellér  Hungary
5
 S. Piola  Italy
5
 G. Sárosi  Hungary
5
 G. Colaussi  Italy
4
 E. Wilimowski  Poland
4
 J. Perácio  Brazil
3
 H. Socorro  Cuba
3
 Romeu  Brazil
3
 G. Wetterström  Sweden
3
 H. Andersson  Sweden
3
 A. Nyberg  Sweden
3
 A. Abegglen  Switzerland
3
 P. Titkos  Hungary
2
 J. Nicolas  France
2
 O. Nejedlý  Czechoslovakia
2
 S. Dobay  Romania
2
 S. Jonasson  Sweden
1
 E. Walaschek  Switzerland
1
 H. Isemborghs  Belgium
1
 P. Ferraris  Italy
1
 O. Heisserer  France
1
 A. Bickel  Switzerland
1
 E. Lörtscher (Swtizerland) o.g.  Germany
1
 A. Brustad  Norway
1
 G. Meazza  Italy
1
 V. Kohut  Hungary
1
 S. Bindea  Romania
1
 Roberto  Brazil
1
 F. Scherfke  Poland
1
 J. Magrina  Cuba
1
 T. Fernández  Cuba
1
 J. Zeman  Czechoslovakia
1
 V. Kopecký  Czechoslovakia
1
 E. Veinante  France
1
 J. Košťálek  Czechoslovakia
1
 I. Baratky  Romania
1
 S. Jacobsson (Sweden) o.g.
 Hungary
1
 W. Hahnemann  Germany
1
 G. Toldi  Hungary
1
 J. Gauchel  Germany
1
 T. Keller  Sweden
1
 
 
 
 
   
   
Interesting facts
   
 
Milestone goals. The goal number 200 in the World Cups history was scored by Harry Andersson from Sweden in Antibes on June 12, 1938. Andersson scored the 8-0. Sweden defeated Cuba 8-0.
This was the first and only time that Cuba and Dutch East Indies (Indonesia) qualified for the World Cup finals.
The first Asian country to appear in finals was the Dutch East Indies –Indonesia- in 1938.
Cuba only qualified because Mexico withdrew from the tournament.
Cuba was the first country outside Europe and South America to qualify for the next stage in a World Cup. In the second round, Cuba lost to Sweden by a convincing 8 to 0.
This was the first and only time –until now- that Germany was eliminated in the first round and failed to finish in the first eight.  
Ernest Wilimowski from Poland was the first player to score four goals in the World Cup history. His case is unique because although it was the first player to score four goals, his team ended up losing in extra time against Brazil 6 to 5. Therefore, Wilimowski also holding the record for more goals scored in a lost match. On the other hand, the match between Brazil and Poland, in the rain in Strasbourg, was one of the most exciting in the history of the FIFA World Cups.
Vittorio Pozzo (1886-1968) from Italy holding the record for been the only coach to ever win two FIFA World Cups: Italy 1934 and France 1938.
Ernest Lörtscher from Switzerland became the first player to be officially credited with an own goal in the game against Germany.
The match between Brazil and Czechoslovakia in Bordeaux had three red cards and two fractured, both of Czechoslovakia. The goalkeeper František Plánička suffered a fractured arm and striker Oldřich Nejedlý a broken leg.
Five of the seven first round matches required extra time to break the deadlock and two games still went to a replay (Switzerland 4-2 Germany, Cuba 2-1 Romania). The third replay took place in quarter-finals, when Brazil defeated Czechoslovakia by 2 to 1. This was the last match to be replayed in a World Cup history.
Giuseppe Meazza, who had been world champion with Italy in 1934, was the key to Italy got the second world championship.
Italy had the second best overall performance in one tournament: 100%. Won all four games. 
Italy became the first team in get two World Cups in a row. 
Hat-tricks: Leônidas (Brazil), Harry Andersson (Sweden), Gustav Wetterström (Sweden)
Poker: Ernest Wilimowski (Poland)
The youngest player was Bertus de Harder from Netherlands: 18y (14 January 1920). The youngest goalkeeper was Róbert Sadowski from Romania: 23y (16 August 1914). The youngest scorer was Alfred Bickel from Switzerland: 20y (12 May 1918). The youngest champion was Ugo Locatelli from Italy: 22y (5 February 1916). The youngest captain was Kurt Svanström from Sweden: 23y (24 March 1915).
The oldest player was Willem Anderiesen from Netherlands: 34y (27 November 1903). The oldest goalkeeper was František Plánička from Czechoslovakia: 34y (2 June 1904).  The oldest scorer was Tore Keller from Sweden: 33y (04 January 1905). The oldest champion was Eraldo Monzeglio from Italy: 32y (5 May 1906). The oldest captain was Puck van Heel from Netherlands: 34y (21 January 1904).
 
 
 
 
Benito Mussolini

The real Allen ball in front of Giuseppe Meazza

 
   
   
  Teams that contributed players for national teams
   
 
The most important teams that contributed players to the national teams are shown in the table below. The complete list is available at: Teams-Countries-Players-1938

   
 
Pos
Logo
Team
NoP
Country
Flag
1
  SK Slavia Praha
9
  Czechoslovakia
  Grasshopper-Club Zürich
9
  Switzerland
3
  K. Beerschot V.A.C.
8
  Belgium
  AC Sparta Prague
8
  Czechoslovakia
  Ferencvárosi TC
8
  Hungary
6
  MTK Budapest FC
7
  Hungary
7
  Rapid Bucureşti
6
  Romania
8
File:Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas logo.svg
  Botafogo
5
  Brazil
  Fluminense
5
  Brazil
    CD Centro Gallego
5
  Cuba
  FC Sochaux-Montbéliard
5
  France
  Újpest FC
5
  Hungary
  Internazionale
5
  Italy
  Lyn Fotball
5
  Norway
  Ruch Chorzów
5
  Poland
  FC Ripensia Timişoara
5
  Romania
  IK Sleipner
5
  Sweden
18
  SK Rapid Wien
4
  Austria
    Fortuna Havana
4
  Cuba
    HBS Soerabaja
4
  Dutch East Indies
  Olympique de Marseille
4
  France
  AS Roma
4
  Italy
  Fredrikstad FK
4
  Norway
  Venus Bucureşti
4
  Romania
  Servette FC
4
  Switzerland
26
  FK Austria Wien
3
  Austria
  Standard Liege
3
  Belgium
  Royal Daring Club Molenbeek
3
  Belgium
  Flamengo
3
  Brazil
  Corinthians
3
  Brazil
    Iberia Havana
3
  Cuba
  Le Havre AC
3
  France
  Lille OSC
3
  France
  Racing Club de France
3
  France
  Bologna
3
  Italy
  Triestina
3
  Italy
  Feijenoord
3
  Netherlands
  Mjøndalen IF
3
  Norway
  Warta Poznań
3
  Poland
  Wisła Kraków
3
  Poland
  GAIS
3
  Sweden
  AIK Fotboll
3
  Sweden
  Landskrona BoIS
3
  Sweden
  FC Lugano
3
  Switzerland
   
        
Cumulated teams contributions
   
 

The complete list is available at: Teams-Countries-Players-1938

   
   
 
Pos
 
Team
Country
Flag
Tot
30
34
38
1
  SK Slavia Praha
  Czechoslovakia
19
10
9
2
File:Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas logo.svg
  Botafogo
  Brazil
18
4
9
5
3
  Grasshopper-Club Zürich   Switzerland
15
6
9
4
  AC Sparta Prague
  Czechoslovakia
14
6
8
  Ferencvárosi TC   Hungary
14
6
8
6
  Újpest FC   Hungary
12
7
5
  Juventus   Italy
12
10
2
8
  FC Ripensia Timişoara
  Romania
11
6
5
9
  Fluminense
  Brazil
10
5
5
  Racing Club de France
  France
10
5
2
3
  MTK Budapest FC   Hungary
10
3
7
  Alianza Lima
  Peru
10
10
File:Club Nacional de Football's logo.png
  Nacional
10
9
1
14
  SK Rapid Wien
  Austria
9
5
4
  K. Beerschot V.A.C.   Belgium
9
1
8
  FC Sochaux-Montbéliard
  France
9
2
2
5
  Internazionale   Italy
9
4
5
  Servette FC   Switzerland
9
5
4
19
  Royal Daring Club Molenbeek   Belgium
8
1
4
3
File:Colo-Colo.svg
  Colo-Colo
  Chile
8
8
  Venus Bucureşti
  Romania
8
2
2
4
File:OFK Beograd.svg
  OFK Beograd
  Yugoslavia
8
8
23
  FC Admira Wacker Mödling
  Austria
7
6
1
  Royale Union Saint-Gilloise   Belgium
7
5
2
  Standard Liege   Belgium
7
4
3
File:ClubDeRegatasVascoDaGama.svg
  Vasco da Gama
  Brazil
7
4
2
1
  Lille OSC
  France
7
4
3
File:Atlante FC logo.svg
  Atlante
  Mexico
7
7
  Feijenoord   Netherlands
7
4
3
File:Universitario de Deportes (Lima).svg
  Universitario de Deportes
  Peru
7
7
  Rapid Bucureşti
  Romania
7
1
6
32
  FK Austria Wien
  Austria
6
3
3
  Royal Antwerp FC   Belgium
6
2
3
1
  FC Sète
  France
6
2
2
2
  Red Star F.C.
  France
6
2
3
1
  AS Roma   Italy
6
2
4
  IK Sleipner   Sweden
6
1
5
File:Escudo de Peñarol.svg
  Peñarol
6
5
1
        
        
Leagues that countributed players for national teams
   
 
The most important leagues that contributed players to the national teams are shown in the table below.

   
 
Pos
Country
Flag
NoP
1
  France
25
2
  Belgium
23
3
  Brazil
22
  Czechoslovakia
22
  Italy
22
  Poland
22
  Sweden
22
8
  Hungary
21
  Netherlands
21
  Norway
21
  Romania
21
12
  Switzerland
20
13
  Dutch East Indies
17
14
  Cuba
15
15
  Germany
13
16
  Austria
9
   
   
Cumulated contributions
   
   
 
Pos
Country
Flag
Total
30
34
38
cha
     
876
243
317
316
1
 France
67
19
23
25
0
2
 Belgium
61
16
22
23
2
 Brazil
61
24
15
22
1
4
 Romania
51
15
15
21
2
5
 Italy
44
22
22
4
6
 Hungary
43
22
21
3
 Netherlands
43
22
21
3
 Switzerland
43
23
20
2
9
 Argentina
40
22
18
-7
10
 Czechoslovakiakia
39
17
22
8
11
 Sweden
38
16
22
10
12
 United States
37
16
19
-7
13
 Germany
35
22
13
-4
14
 Austria
31
22
9
-5
15
 Uruguay
24
22
2
-8
16
 Paraguay
22
22
-7
 Poland
22
22
 Spain
22
22
-7
19
 Norway
21
21
 Peru
21
21
-3
21
 Chile
19
19
-4
22
 Bolivia
17
17
-4
 Dutch East Indies
17
17
 Mexico
17
17
-4
25
 Cuba
15
15
 Egypt
15
15
-3
27
 Yugoslavia
13
13
-4
 
 
Cumulated h-index, i-10 index and ne
 
 
 
Pos
Country
Flag
h-index
i-10 index
ne
cha
1
 Brazil
5
2
15
0
2
 France
5
1
19
0
3
 Belgium
5
0
18
0
4
 Hungary
4
3
6
6
5
 Romania
4
1
18
3
6
 Italy
4
1
12
7
7
 Sweden
4
0
14
10
8
 Austria
4
0
5
-4
9
 Switzerland
3
1
13
9
10
 Uruguay
3
1
8
-5
11
 Netherlands
3
0
23
5
 Argentina
3
0
23
-5
13
 Germany
3
0
22
10
14
 United States
3
0
17
-7
15
 Norway
3
0
11
 Poland
3
0
11
17
 Spain
3
0
10
-8
18
 Cuba
3
0
5
19
 Mexico
3
0
4
-8
 Paraguay
3
0
4
-8
21
 Czechoslovakiakia
2
2
7
-6
22
 Peru
2
1
6
-8
23
 Dutch East Indies
2
0
12
24
 Bolivia
2
0
8
-5
 Chile
2
0
8
-5
26
 Egypt
2
0
6
-5
27
 Yugoslavia
2
0
3
-5
   
 
 h-index is the largest number h such that h teams have at least h players.  i-10 index is the number of teams with at least 10 players.  nt is the number of teams. cha is the number of positions won or lost compared to the previous world cup.
 
        
Coaches contributed by countries
   
 
The coaches contributed by country are shown in the table below. England and Hungary contributed two coaches each.

   
 
Pos
Country
Flag
NoC
1
  England
2
  Hungary
2
3
  Austria
1
  Brazil
1
  Cuba
1
  Czechoslovakia
1
  France
1
  Germany
1
  Italy
1
  Netherlands
1
  Norway
1
  Poland
1
  Romania
1
 
 
 
Attendance
   
 
The total attendance at the World Cup, and both total and average attendance for each of the national teams is shown in the table below.

   
 
Pos
Flag
Team
Total
#M
Average
  
375,700
18
20,872
1
  Italy
155,455
4
38,864
2
  Brazil
98,614
5
19,723
3
  Hungary
89,000
4
22,250
4
  France
88,909
2
44,455
5
  Switzerland
62,177
3
20,726
6
  Czechoslovakia
51,162
3
17,054
7
  Germany
47,177
2
23,589
8
  Sweden
39,000
3
13,000
9
  Belgium
30,454
1
30,454
10
  Cuba
22,000
3
7,333
11
  Norway
19,000
1
19,000
12
  Romania
15,000
2
7,500
13
  Poland
13,452
1
13,452
14
  Netherlands
11,000
1
11,000
15
  Dutch East Indies
9,000
1
9,000
    

Highest attendance
Quarter-finals  
Match 12
3-1
France  
Date: 12 June 1938 O. Heisserer 10'
Stadium: Olympique de Colombes
S. Piola 51', 72'
 
Venue: Paris    
Attendance: 58,455    
Referee: Louis Baert (Belgium)  
    

Lowest attendance
First round a.e.t.  
Match 3
Cuba
3-3
Romania  
Date: 5 June 1938
H. Socorro 44', 103'
S. Bindea 35'
Stadium: Chapou
J. Magrina 69'
I. Baratky 88'
Venue: Toulouse   S. Dobay 105'
Attendance: 7,000  
Referee: Giuseppe Scarpi (Italy)  
   
Match 11
Sweden
8-0
Cuba  
Date: 12 June 1938
H. Andersson 9', 81', 89'
 
Stadium: Stade du Fort Carré
G. Wetterström 22', 37', 44'
 
Venue: Antibes  
Attendance: 7,000  
Referee: Augustin Krist (Czechoslovakia)    
        
      

  Awards and best players
   
 
The top scorer (Golden Shoe) of the tournament was "Black Diamond" Leônidas from Brazil, who would go on to score seven goals. The names that people probably remember from those times are:

    
 
   
 
   
    

  All-star team
   
 
The All-Star Team is a team of the best performers at the respective World Cup finals
   
 
       
    

  DID YOU KNOW?
   
 
Matthias Sindelar, Der Papierene or the Paper-man, considered by many as the best Austrian player of all time, the Mozart of football, for his elegant playing, decided not to play for Germany after the annexation of Austria to Nazi Germany. Sindelar was born in Kozlov in the Czech Republic within a Jewish family that emigrated to Vienna when Matthias was two years old. He had the audacity to score a goal in the friendly match between Germany and Austria to celebrate the annexation of Austria, which took place three months before the World Cup. Sindelar performed a dance to celebrate the goal in front of the box in which Hitler was. Austria beat Germany 2 to 0. Since then, The Gestapo considered that Sinderlar was a subversive element and pursued him. Matthias and his girlfriend Camila Castagnola were found dead at his apartment in Vienna on January 23, 1939. Official information says suicide by inhaling gas, although their deaths were never clarified. As a tribute, Sindelar was voted the best Austrian footballer of the 20th Century and was named Austria's sportsman of the century.
German coach Sepp Herberger was repudiated throughout the tournament by making the Nazi salute.
Leônidas, the black diamond, the inventor of the bicycle, was the top scorer of the tournament with 7 goals. Leônidas could have done even more goals; however, his coach inexplicably left him out of the semi-finals to Italy in Marseille, preserving it for the final. Brazil lost that game and Leônidas missed an opportunity to keep scoring more goals.
Meazza scored the second goal against Brazil in the semi-final that sent Italy into their second consecutive World Cup final. It was also his last goal for Italy. A memorable moment occurred when he was set to take a penalty shot. When he stepped up to take the kick, his shorts fell down because the elastic around the waist had earlier been pulled and ripped by a defender. Undaunted, Meazza held up his shorts with his left hand and shot past the confused goalkeeper Walter, who was still busy laughing.  

Before the finals, Benito Mussolini sent a telegram to the team, saying "Vincere o morire!", which translated meant "Win or die!".
   
 

World Cup 1938 postcard

Allen, the official match ball of the 1938 World Cup
World Cup 1938 poster
   
  
          Last updated: 30 May 2017
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