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1954 FIFA WORLD CUP
  THEFIFAWORLDCUPS    
 
1954 WORLD CUP - SWITZERLAND  
  1954 WORLD CUP FRANCE  
                                           
   
                                           
                                         
                           
  We play football. We love football.          
  We breathe football. We live football.        
                         
                                         
                                         
  1954 WORLD CUP  
   

The 1954 FIFA World Cup took place in Switzerland from 16 June to 4 July 1954. Sixteen teams from four confederations participated in the final tournament:  12 teams from Europe (UEFA), 2 from South America (CONMEBOL), 1 from North America, Central America and Caribbean (CONCACAF), and 1 from Asia (AFC). Three teams made their first World Cup presentation (Scotland, Turkey and South Korea).

The World Cup in Switzerland was spectacular thanks to a marvellous Hungary team and an avalanche of goals. The World Cup set a number of all-time records for goal-scoring, including the highest average goals scored per game. The tournament recorded 140 goals and 5.38 goals per game, a record that still stands. In just 8 matches were scored 70 goals, a record that hardly can be broken (Austria 7-5 Switzerland, Hungary 8-3 West Germany, Hungary 9-0 South Korea, West Germany 7-2 Turkey, England 4-4 Belgium, Turkey 7-0 South Korea, Uruguay 7-0 Scotland, West Germany 6-1 Austria). Moreover, the highest number of goals ever in a World Cup match was in the game between Austria and Switzerland. Swiss were defeated 7-5 by Alpine rivals Austria.

The 1954 World Cup was won by the unseeded West Germany that defeated surprisingly the Olympic champions and favourites Hungary  3-2 to win their first World Cup title in one of the best and finest final the world have seen. The match is remembered as The Miracle of Bern, since Hungary went into the World Cup having not lost in four years and twenty eight internationals.

 
     
 
 
 
The Swiss

The Germans

 
     
   
Quick facts  
   
  Teams
  16
Sport Koss
  When
  16 June to 4 July 1954
  Matches
  26
  Venues
  6
  Attendance
  768,607 (average 29,562)
  Goals Scored
  140 (5.38 per match)
 
   
WEST GERMANY 3-2 HUNGARY
  Champion
 Golden shoe
1
11
  Runner-up
  Hungary
2
6
  Third place
  Austria
6
  Fourth Place
6
 
   
     
  The world in 1954  
   
Libya declares its independence (1951).
Color television is introduced in United States (1951).
Winston Churchill becomes again Prime Minister of Great Britain (1951).
King Abdullah I of Jordan is assassinated (1951).
Sister Theresa becomes Mother Theresa and begins to work in Calcutta, India (1952).
Jawaharlal Nehru is reelected after win the India's first general election (1952).
María Eva Duarte de Perón, Evita, dies in Argentina (1952).
Polio vaccine is developed by Jonas Salk (1952).
   
 
Salk holds two bottles of a culture used to grow the polio vaccines
   
Elizabeth II becomes Queen of United Kingdom after the death of King George VI (1952).
Oslo, Norway, holds the VI Winter Olympic Games (1952).
Dwight Eisenhower becomes President of United States (1953).
James Watson and Francis Crick publish their discovery of the molecular model of DNA (1953).
Tito becomes President of Yugoslavia (1953).
Korean War ends (1953).
Joseph Stalin, the Soviet leader, dies (1953).
Cambodia gains its independence from France (1953).
Ernest Hemingway wins Pulitzer for The Old Man and the Sea (1953).
Ian Fleming publishes his first James Bond novel, Casino Royale (1953).
The New Zealander Edmund Hillary and the Nepali sherpa climber Tenzing Norgay  become the first men to reach the summit of Mount Everest (1953). 
Laos becomes independent (1954).
The Algerian War of Independence (Algeria and France) begins (1954).
USS Nautilus, the first nuclear-powered submarine, is launched (1954).
   
 
USS Nautilus, the first nuclear-powered submarine
   
Alfredo Stroessner comes to the power in a coup d'état in Paraguay (1954).
Getúlio Vargas, president and dictator of Brazil, commits suicide (1954).
The first atomic power station in the world begins to work in Obninsk, near Moscow, Russia (1954).
CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) is established on the Franco-Swiss border (1954).
UEFA is founded in Switzerland (1954).
 
     
   
  Antecedents  
   

Switzerland was chosen unopposed to host the 1954 FIFA World Cup at the conference held in Luxembourg on 26 July 1946, the same day that Brazil was selected to host the 1950 FIFA World Cup. The World Cup returned to Europe after the World War II.

Switzerland was the obvious choice of venue for several reasons: The Swiss had the infrastructure for an event of this magnitude and had also promised to build several purpose-built stadia, Switzerland was one of the few European countries which suffered no damage during the world war, and also to mark the 50th anniversary of FIFA, which had its headquarters just in Zurich, one of the most important cities of the host country. The 1954 FIFA World Cup would be the first to be televised.

FIFA also had a new President: The Belgian Rodolphe Seeldrayers. Jules Rimet was FIFA's longest serving president, having served for 33 years.

 
   
      
Qualification  
   
  Participating countries:
39
  Withdrew:
3
  Qualified automatically:
3
  Teams that played at least one qualifying match:
33
  Matches:
57
  Total goals:
208 (3.64 per match)
 
     
 

A total of 39 teams signed up to participate in the 1954 World Cup qualification rounds, competing for a total of 14 spots in the final tournament. Switzerland, as the hosts, and Uruguay, as the defending champions, qualified automatically.

This was the first time that a qualifying process took place in Asia and South America. In the previous championships Asian and South American teams had participated by invitation or by the removal of other teams.

German teams were allowed to qualify again, after having been banned from the 1950 FIFA World Cup. West Germany qualified while East Germany did not enter.  Argentina declined to participate for the third World Cup in succession.

The 14 available spots were distributed in continental zones as shown below:

Europe (UEFA): 27 teams (including Turkey, Israel and Egypt) competed for 11 direct places. Switzerland, as host country, qualified automatically. Poland withdrew, so Hungary qualified without playing any match
South America (CONMEBOL): 4 teams competed for a 1 direct place. Uruguay, as defending champion, qualified automatically. Peru withdrew.
North America, Central America and Caribbean (CONCACAF): 3 teams competed for 1 place.
Asia (AFC): 3 teams competed for 1 spot. Republic of China withdrew.
 

A total of 33 teams played at least one qualifying match. 57 qualifying matches were played, and 208 goals were scored.

Sweden and Spain, the third and fourth place teams from the 1950 World Cup, both failed to qualify. A curious fact happened in the matches between Spain and Turkey in group 6. After failing to decide which team will advance to the 1954 FIFA World Cup after three matches, the winner was decided by a coin toss. Turkey gained the place.

 
The teams that qualified for the World Cup were:
 
Flag
Team
Final Appearance
Streak
Last Appearance
 Austria
2
1
 Belgium
4
1
 Brazil
5
5
 Czechoslovakia
3
1
 England
2
2
 France
4
1
 Hungary
3
1
 Italy
4
1
 Mexico
3
2
 Scotland
1
1
 South Korea
1
1
 Switzerland
4
4
 Turkey
1
1
 Uruguay
3
2
 Yugoslavia
3
2
 West Germany
2
1
 
External link:
RSSSF 1954 FIFA World Cup Qualification
 
   
 

AFC

CONCACAF   CONMEBOL   UEFA
 
     
      
  Format and seedings  
   

The format of the competition changed from 1950. It adopted an unusual new format. The sixteen teams were divided in four groups of four teams each, two seeded teams and two unseeded teams. Instead of playing with the round-robin format, each seeded team hat to play with the other two unseeded teams. Therefore, the teams had to play just two matches per group rather than the usual three.  Only 4 matches were scheduled for each group. Incredibly, there was not to be draws in the first round. All matches level after 90 minutes went to extra-time. Only if the scores were still tied after 120 minutes were they deemed drawn.

The best two teams of each group would advance to the knockout stage. If the top two from each group were equal in points, lots would be drawn to decide which team would be the top of the group. However, if the second and third placed teams were equals on points, they would require a playoff to decide which team would progress to the following stage. A further unusual feature of the format was that the four group-winning teams will be drawn against each other in the knockout stages to produce one finalist, and the four second-placed teams will play against each other to produce the second finalist.

If a knockout match was tied after ninety minutes, then thirty minutes of extra time would be added. If the score had still tied after extra time, lots would have been drawn to decide which team advanced. On the other hand, if the final had been tied after extra time, it would have been replayed, with lots deciding the World Champion only if the replay was also tied after extra time. It was not necessary.

The eight seeded teams were determined based on the global ranking of those times: Austria, Brazil, England, France, Hungary, Italy, Turkey and Uruguay. As Turkey eliminated Spain in qualification, FIFA in a highly controversial decision gave Turkey the seeding that had previously been allocated to Spain.

 
     
   
  Squads  
   
For a complete list of all squads that appeared in the 1954 FIFA World Cup, please, visit: 1954 World Cup squads

 
     
   
  Venues  
   
Six cities hosted the tournament. The Host Cities for the 1954 FIFA World Cup were Bern, Lausanne, Basel, Zürich, Lugano and Geneva.
 
 
 
 
Overall capacity: 9,250
 
 
 
 
       
  Match officials  
   
Sixteen referees participated in the tournament. 14 from UEFA, and 2 from CONMEBOL Benjamin Griffiths from Wales refereed three matches.
 
   
 
       
       
  TOURNAMENT SUMMARY  
   

The first round had some facts worth noting. In Group A, Brazil and Yugoslavia with three points each progressed to the knockout stage. As expected, a talented Hungary with two tremendous thrashings (Hungary 9-0 South Korea, Hungary 8-3 West Germany) topped Group B ahead of West Germany and Turkey. Sandor Kocsis, the legendary centre-forward, scored 7 goals in two games. Ferenc Puskás, Hungary's team captain, considered by many as the best player of the world, was injured by West German defender Werner Liebrich, and had to miss the following matches of his team, only to show up in the final again, still being in a questionable condition. West Germany had to play off against Turkey after the two teams were equal on points. The Germans embarrassed the Turks 7-0. Uruguay and Austria without any kind of problems topped the Group C and advanced to the quarter-finals. England had no problems winning Group D ahead of Switzerland and Italy. Switzerland had to play off against Italy, a match that they easily won.

In the quarter-finals, Austria defeated the host nation Switzerland in the game that saw the most goals in any World Cup match, 7–5. Despite going 3-0 up, the Swiss were beaten 7-5 by Austria. Uruguay, meanwhile, dispatched England 4–2. One day later, the favourites Hungary knocked out Brazil 4–2 in one of the most violent matches ever, which became known as the infamous “Battle of Berne”. Three players got sent off and the fighting continued also after the final whistle according to several observers. West Germany, meanwhile, beat Yugoslavia 2–0.

 
   
 
  The Swiss and Austrian national teams
Hungary team
 
   

In the semi-finals, West Germany demolished Austria 6–1 earning its first World Cup final berth, while Hungary, in one of the most exciting games of the tournament and regarded to be one of the best ever in a World Cup, defeated Uruguay 4-2 after extra time. The match was tied 2-2 after 90 minutes. But Hungary's added class showed in the extra period and Sandor Kocsis scored twice that were enough to put Hungary in its second final. Uruguay finally losing their unbeaten record in World Cup Final matches. So far, Uruguay had participated in two World Cups and won both. The third place match saw the victory of Austria over Uruguay 3-1.

The 1954 FIFA World Cup Final was contested at the Wankdorf Stadium in Bern at 16.45 on 4 July 1954, before a crowd of 64,000, by the pre-tournament favourite, Hungary, with Sándor Kocsis and Ferenc Puskás, the Galloping Major, and West Germany, a repeat of the first-round match. Never has there been another football match with so many legends and stories attached to this final match between West Germany and Hungary. The wet conditions were not ideal for football and the West German team captain Fritz Walter appeared to play better the worse the weather was. The Germans defeated Hungary 3 to 2, to win their first World Cup title in one of the best and finest final the world have seen. The first few minutes gave the Hungarians' added cause for optimism: the “Magical Magyar” led 2-0 after only 8 minutes. However, the spirit of the German team remained intact. Germans recovered from 0-2 down to record a 3-2 victory over the Hungarians. Hungary had blown their best ever chance to win the title. The match is remembered as The Miracle of Bern, since Hungary was considered the best team of the world and the overwhelming favourites to hoist the World Cup. This was also the first time an unseeded team wins the World Cup.

Hungary had an astonishing record of 5 years and 32 consecutive matches without being defeated. Hungary had beaten England 6-3 at Wembley Stadium a year earlier in one of the most famous contests –It was the first time a team outside the British Islands defeated England at home-, and were the reigning Olympic Champions. “Their speed, ball control and positional play were as near perfect as one could hope to see,” wrote The Guardian after England’s 6-3 home humbling in 1953. In the group stage, Hungary had beaten Germany by a convincing 8-3, although Germany played with seven alternates. These are the main reasons why the results surprised everyone. It should be noted that Ferenc Puskás, the best player in the world of those times, had been injured by the German defender Werner Liebrich when the teams last met. Puskás did not play the following games and only appeared “on one leg” in the final; but he was a shadow of his usual self. Many say that this was the kick that really won the world cup. Brian Glanville in his book, The Story of the World Cup, says that: “Puskás, clearly hampered by his ankle, was unwontedly heavy and slow”.

For the Hungarians definitely was a disaster and remain controversial due to the Puskas' goal disallowed for offside with two minutes remaining and the claim of doping.  The Hungarians were surprised by the better physical condition of the Germans in the second half. A research conducted by Guido Knopp in 2004 for German public channel ZDF says that the players were injected with shots of vitamin C at half-time, which would also explain the wave of jaundice among team members following the tournament [1]. Another study from Leipzig University in 2010 stated that the West German players had been injected with the banned substance methamphetamine.

 
 
   
 
A few seconds before the 1954 FIFA World Cup final between West Germany and Hungary
Fritz Walter and Sepp Herberger are raised on high by German fans
 
     
First Round - Group 1
   
   
Pos
Flag
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
1
 Brazil
2
1
1
0
6
1
5
3
2
 Yugoslavia
2
1
1
0
2
1
1
3
3
 France
2
1
0
1
3
3
0
2
4
 Mexico
2
0
0
2
2
8
-6
0
   
   
Match 1
5-0
Mexico  
Date: 16 June 1954  
Stadium: Charmilles Stadium
Didi 30'
 
Venue: Geneva
Pinga 34', 43'
 
Attendance: 13,470  
Referee: Raymon Wyssling (Switzerland)  
   
Match 2
Yugoslavia
1-0
France  
Date: 16 June 1954  
Stadium: Stade Olympique de la Pontaise
 
Venue: Lausanne    
Attendance: 16,000    
Referee: Benjamin Griffiths (Wales)  
  a.e.t.    
Match 9
1-1
Yugoslavia    
Date: 19 June 1954
Didi 69'
B. Zebec 48'
Stadium: Stade Olympique de la Pontaise  
Venue: Lausanne    
Attendance: 24,637  
Referee: Charlie Faultless (Scotland)  
   
Match 10
3-2
Mexico  
Date: 19 June 1954 J. Lamadrid 54'
Stadium: Charmilles Stadium T. Balcázar 85'
Venue: Geneva  
Attendance: 19,000    
Referee: Manuel Asensi (Spain)  
 
   
First Round - Group 2  
   
   
Pos
Flag
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
1
 Hungary
2
2
0
0
17
3
14
4
2
 West Germany
2
1
1
0
7
9
-2
2
3
 Turkey
2
1
0
1
8
4
4
2
4
 South Korea
2
0
0
2
0
16
-16
0
   
   
Match 5
4-1
Turkey  
Date: 17 June 1954 M. Suat 2'
Stadium: Wankdorf Stadium  
Venue: Bern  
Attendance: 28,000  
Referee: Jose da Costa Vieira (Portugal)  
   
Match 6
Hungary
9-0
South Korea  
Date: 17 June 1954
F. Puskás 12', 89'
 
Stadium: Hardturm Stadium  
Venue: Zürich
S. Kocsis 24', 36', 50'
 
Attendance: 13,000  
Referee: Raymond Vincenti (France)
P. Palotás 75', 83'
 
   
Match 13
Hungary
8-3
West Germany  
Date: 20 June 1954
S. Kocsis 3', 21', 69', 78'
  A. Pfaff 25'
Stadium: St. Jakob Stadium H. Rahn 77'
Venue: Basel
N. Hidegkuti 52', 54'
R. Herrmann 84'
Attendance: 56,000    
Referee: William Ling (England)    
     
Match 14
Turkey
7-0
South Korea    
Date: 20 June 1954
M. Suat 10', 30'
 
Stadium: Charmilles Stadium  
Venue: Geneva
S. Burhan 37', 64', 70'
 
Attendance: 4,000  
Referee: Esteban Marino (Uruguay)  
 
Play-off
   
Match 17
7-2
Turkey  
Date: 23 June 1954 E. Mustafa 21'
Stadium: Hardturm Stadium
H. Schäfer 12', 79'
K. Lefter 82'
Venue: Zürich
M. Morlock 30', 60', 77'
 
Attendance: 17,000  
Referee: Raymond Vincenti (France)  
 
First Round - Group 3
   
   
Pos
Flag
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
1
 Uruguay
2
2
0
0
9
0
9
4
2
 Austria
2
2
0
0
6
0
6
4
3
 Czechoslovakia
2
0
0
2
0
7
-7
0
4
 Scotland
2
0
0
2
0
8
-8
0
   
   
Match 3
2-0
Czechoslovakia  
Date: 16 June 1954    
Stadium: Wankdorf Stadium  
Venue: Bern    
Attendance: 20,500  
Referee: A. Ellis (England)    
     
Match 4
Austria
1-0
Scotland    
Date: 16 June 1954  
Stadium: Hardturm Stadium
 
Venue: Zürich    
Attendance: 25,000    
Referee: Laurent Franken (Belgium)    
   
Match 11
7-0
Scotland  
Date: 19 June 1954
C. Borges 17', 47', 57'
 
Stadium: St. Jakob Stadium
O. Míguez 30, 83'
 
Venue: Basel
J. Abbadie 54', 85'
 
Attendance: 34,000    
Referee: Vincenzo Orlandini (Italy)  
 
     
Match 12  
Austria
5-0
Czechoslovakia  
Date: 19 June 1954
E. Stojaspal 3', 65'
   
Stadium: Hardturm Stadium
E. Probst 4', 21', 24'
 
Venue: Zürich    
Attendance: 26,000  
Referee: Vasa Stefanovic (Yugoslavia)  
   
First Round - Group 4
   
   
Pos
Flag
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
1
 England
2
1
1
0
6
4
2
3
2
 Switzerland
2
1
0
1
2
3
-1
2
3
 Italy
2
1
0
1
5
3
2
2
4
 Belgium
2
0
1
1
5
8
-3
1
     
     
Match 7
2-1
Italy  
Date: 17 June 1954 G. Boniperti 44'
Stadium: Stade Olympique de la Pontaise  
Venue: Lausanne    
Attendance: 43,000  
Referee: Mario Vianna (Brazil)  
  a.e.t.  
Match 8
4-4
Belgium  
Date: 17 June 1954
I. Broadis 26', 63'
L. Anoul 5', 71'
Stadium: St. Jakob Stadium
N. Lofthouse 36', 91'
H. Coppens 67'  
Venue: Basel   J. Dickinson 94' (o.g.)  
Attendance: 14,000    
Referee: Emil Schmetzer (West Germany)  
       
Match 15
4-1
Belgium  
Date: 20 June 1954 L. Anoul 81'
Stadium: Cornaredo Stadium  
Venue: Lugano  
Attendance: 24,000  
Referee: Carl Erich Steiner (Austria)  
   
Match 16
2-0
Switzerland  
Date: 20 June 1954  
Stadium: Wankdorf Stadium  
Venue: Bern    
Attendance: 43,500    
Referee: Istvan Zsolt (Hungary)    
 
Play-off
   
Match 18
4-1
Italy  
Date: 23 June 1954
J. Hügi 14', 85'
  F. Nesti 67'
Stadium: St. Jakob Stadium  
Venue: Basel  
Attendance: 30,000  
Referee: Benjamin Griffiths (Wales)  
     
Quarter-finals
   
Match 19
Austria
7-5
Switzerland  
Date: 26 June 1954
T. Wagner 25', 27', 53'
R. Ballaman 16', 39'
Stadium: Stade Olympique de la Pontaise
R. Körner 26', 34'
J. Hügi 17', 19', 60'
Venue: Lausanne    
Attendance: 35,000    
Referee: Charlie Faultless (Scotland)  
       
Match 20
4-2
England  
Date: 26 June 1954 N. Lofthouse 16'
Stadium: St. Jakob Stadium T. Finney 67'
Venue: Basel  
Attendance: 28,000  
Referee: Carl Erich Steiner (Austria)  
   
Match 21
Hungary
4-2
Brazil  
Date: 27 June 1954 Djalma Santos 18'
Stadium: Wankdorf Stadium
S. Kocsis 7', 88'
Julinho 65'
Venue: Bern  
Attendance: 40,000    
Referee: Arthur Ellis (England)    
   
Match 22
2-0
Yugoslavia  
Date: 27 June 1954
I. Horvat 9' (o.g.)
   
Stadium: Charmilles Stadium  
Venue: Geneva    
Attendance: 17,000  
Referee: Istvan Zsolt (Hungary)  
     
Semi-finals
  a.e.t.  
Match 23
Hungary
4-2
Uruguay  
Date: 30 June 1954 J. Hohberg 75', 86'
Stadium: Stade Olympique de la Pontaise  
Venue: Lausanne
S. Kocsis 109', 116'
 
Attendance: 45,000  
Referee: Benjamin Griffiths (Wales)    
 
   
Match 24
6-1
Austria  
Date: 30 june 1954   E. Probst 51'
Stadium: St. Jakob Stadium  
Venue: Basel
F. Walter 54', 64'
 
Attendance: 58,000
O. Walter 61', 89'
   
Referee: Vincenzo Orlandini (Italy)    
     
Third-place Match
   
Match 25
Austria
3-1
Uruguay  
Date: 3 July 1954   J. Hohberg 22'
Stadium: Hardturm Stadium
L. Cruz 59' (o.g.)
 
Venue: Zürich  
Attendance: 32,000  
Referee: Raymon Wyssling (Switzerland)  
     
Final
   
Match 26
3-2
Hungary  
Date: 4 July 1954   F. Puskás 6'  
Stadium: Wankdorf Stadium
H. Rahn 18', 84'
Z. Czibor 8'  
Venue: Bern
 
Attendance: 62,500  
  Referee: William Ling (England)  
         
German defender Jupp Posipal: "It still hadn't sunk in when we were stood together listening to the national anthem afterwards. We were all holding hands, such was the deep friendship throughout the entire squad"
   
 
 
Fritz Walter and Ferenc Puskás before the final game
West Germany: World Cup winners
 
   
   
Standings
     
 
Pos
Flag
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Perf.
Sum(P/Nt)
Title
Pt
Ap.
1
 West Germany
6
5
0
1
25
14
11
10
1.67
0.0625
16.00
C
3
2
 Hungary
5
4
0
1
27
10
17
8
1.60
0.1250
8.00
F
3
3
 Austria
5
4
0
1
17
12
5
8
1.60
0.1875
6.00
TP
2
4
 Uruguay
5
3
0
2
16
9
7
6
1.20
0.2500
4.00
FP
3
5
 Switzerland
4
2
0
2
11
11
0
4
1.00
0.3125
2.00
2R
4
6
 Brazil
3
1
1
1
8
5
3
3
1.00
0.3750
2.00
2R
5
7
 England
3
1
1
1
8
8
0
3
1.00
0.4375
2.00
2R
2
8
 Yugoslavia
3
1
1
1
2
3
-1
3
1.00
0.5000
2.00
2R
3
9
 Turkey
3
1
0
2
10
11
-1
2
0.67
0.5625
1.00
1R
1
10
 Italy
3
1
0
2
6
7
-1
2
0.67
0.6250
1.00
1R
4
11
 France
2
1
0
1
3
3
0
2
1.00
0.6875
1.00
1R
4
12
 Belgium
2
0
1
1
5
8
-3
1
0.50
0.7500
1.00
1R
4
13
 Mexico
2
0
0
2
2
8
-6
0
0.00
0.8125
1.00
1R
3
14
 Czechoslovakia
2
0
0
2
0
7
-7
0
0.00
0.8750
1.00
1R
3
15
 Scotland
2
0
0
2
0
8
-8
0
0.00
0.9375
1.00
1R
1
16
 South Korea
2
0
0
2
0
16
-16
0
0.00
1.0000
1.00
1R
1
 
       
 
 Where: Perf.: Performance   Sum(P/Nt): Position between all the participant teams   Pt: Reached round
 PtsS: Points scored for statistics   Ap: Appearances in world cups
     
       
  STATISTICS
     
     
Goalscorers
   
 
Pos
Player
Team
Flag
Goals
1
 S. Kocsis  Hungary
11
2
 E. Probst  Austria
6
 J. Hügi  Switzerland
6
 M. Morlock  West Germany
6
5
 F. Puskás  Hungary
4
 N. Hidegkuti  Hungary
4
 R. Ballaman  Switzerland
4
 C. Borges  Uruguay
4
 H. Schäfer  West Germany
4
 O. Walter  West Germany
4
 H. Rahn  West Germany
4
12
 E. Stojaspal  Austria
3
 T. Wagner  Austria
3
 L. Anoul  Belgium
3
 N. Lofthouse  England
3
 Z. Czibor  Hungary
3
 M. Suat  Turkey
3
 S. Burhan  Turkey
3
 J. Hohberg  Uruguay
3
 O. Míguez  Uruguay
3
 F. Walter  West Germany
3
 E. Ocwirk  Austria
2
 R. Körner  Austria
2
 Julinho  Brazil
2
 Didi  Brazil
2
 Pinga  Brazil
2
 I. Broadis  England
2
 M. Lantos  Hungary
2
 P. Palotás  Hungary
2
 K. Lefter  Turkey
2
 J. Schiaffino  Uruguay
2
 J. Abbadie  Uruguay
2
33
 L. Cruz (Uruguay, o.g.)  Austria
1
 J. Dickinson (England, o.g.)  Belgium
1
 H. Coppens  Belgium
1
 Djalma Santos  Brazil
1
 Baltazar  Brazil
1
 T. Finney  England
1
 D. Wilshaw  England
1
 J. Mullen  England
1
 R. Kopa  France
1
 R. Cárdenas (Mexico, o.g.)  France
1
 J. Vincent  France
1
 J. Tóth  Hungary
1
 F. Nesti  Italy
1
 E. Pandolfini  Italy
1
 G. Boniperti  Italy
1
 C. Galli  Italy
1
 A. Frignani  Italy
1
 B. Lorenzi  Italy
1
 T. Balcázar  Mexico
1
 J. Lamadrid  Mexico
1
 J. Fatton  Switzerland
1
 E. Mustafa  Turkey
1
 K. Erol  Turkey
1
 J. Ambrois  Uruguay
1
 O. Varela  Uruguay
1
 I. Horvat (Yugoslavia, o.g.)  West Germany
1
 B. Klodt  West Germany
1
 R. Herrmann  West Germany
1
 A. Pfaff  West Germany
1
 M. Milutinović  Yugoslavia
1
 B. Zebec  Yugoslavia
1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
        
Overall top goal scorers
   
 

In gold the topscorers (golden shoe) of the tournament. The complete list is available at: Goleadores-1954

   
Pos
Player
 Team
Flag
Goals
WC-1
WC-2
1
 Sándor Kocsis  Hungary
11
54
2
 Guillermo Stábile  Argentina
8
30
 Leônidas  Brazil
8
34
38
 Ademir  Brazil
8
50
 Oscar Míguez  Uruguay
8
50
54
6
 Oldřich Nejedlý  Czechoslovakia
7
34
38
7
 György Sárosi  Hungary
6
34
38
 Max Morlock  West Germany
6
54
 Josef Hügi  Switzerland
6
54
 Erich Probst  Austria
6
54
11
 Pedro Cea  Uruguay
5
30
 Silvio Piola  Italy
5
38
 Gyula Zsengellér  Hungary
5
38
 Juan Schiaffino  Uruguay
5
50
54
15
 Bert Patenaude  United States
4
30
 Angelo Schiavio  Italy
4
34
 André Abegglen  Switzerland
4
34
38
 Edmund Conen  West Germany
4
34
 Gino Colaussi  Italy
4
38
 Ernest Wilimowski  Poland
4
38
 Estanislao Basora  Spain
4
50
 Telmo Zarra  Spain
4
50
 Chico  Brazil
4
50
 Alcides Ghiggia  Uruguay
4
50
 Ferenc Puskás  Hungary
4
54
 Nándor Hidegkuti  Hungary
4
54
 Robert Ballaman  Switzerland
4
54
 Carlos Borges  Uruguay
4
54
 Ottmar Walter  West Germany
4
54
 HelmutRahn  West Germany
4
54
 Hans Schäfer  West Germany
4
54
 
   
   
Scoring frequency by team
   
Pos
Team
Flag
Tot
11
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Ch
 
452
1
3
1
4
4
17
30
42
124
1
  Brazil
50
2
1
3
7
7
0
2
  Hungary
47
1
1
1
2
2
3
5
+3
3
  Uruguay
46
2
2
4
5
6
-1
4
  West Germany
39
1
4
1
2
10
+3
5
  Italy
33
1
2
2
2
10
-2
6
  Sweden
26
6
2
4
-2
7
  Switzerland
25
1
2
1
1
6
0
8
  Austria
24
1
2
3
6
+8
9
  Argentina
20
1
1
2
5
-4
10
  Yugoslavia
16
1
3
7
-3
11
  Czechoslovakia
14
1
1
5
-4
  Spain
14
2
2
2
-4
13
  France
13
1
1
8
0
14
  United States
12
1
8
-2
15
  Chile
10
3
4
-2
  England
10
1
1
5
+7
  Turkey
10
2
1
2
18
  Belgium
8
1
1
3
+2
  Mexico
8
1
6
-1
  Romania
8
1
5
-3
21
  Cuba
5
1
2
-3
  Poland
5
1
1
-3
23
  Paraguay
3
3
-3
24
  Egypt
2
1
-2
  Netherlands
2
2
-2
26
  Norway
1
1
-1
  Peru
1
1
-1
 
   
   
Interesting facts
   
 
Milestone goals. The goal number 400 in the World Cups history was scored by Max Morlock from West Germany in Zürich on 23 June 1954. Morlock scored the 6-1. West Germany defeated Turkey 7-2.
This was the first time that a team had won the World Cup after losing a match in the Finals (Hungary defeated West Germany 8-3 in the group stage).
West Germany scored 25 goals and received only just 14 goals. Both are all-time record for a World Cup winner.
West Germany scored the most goals scored per game for a champion (4.17), a record that still remains.
West Germany conceded the most goals for a champion (14), a record that still remains.
West Germany conceded the most goals for a champion (2.33), a record that still remains.
Hungary scored the most goals in a World Cup (27), a record that still remains.
Hungary had the highest average goals scored per game (5.4), a record that still remains.
Hungary had the highest aggregate goal difference (+17), a record that still remains.
Hungary had the highest average goal difference per game (+3.4), a record that still remains.
Hungary had the greatest margin of victory in a single game (Hungary 9-0 South Korea, tied with Yugoslavia 9–0 Zaire, and again Hungary 10–1 El Salvador in 1982).
The 1954 World Cup was the first World Cup with television coverage. All World Cup matches were broadcast on television.
Omega was the first sponsor of the World Cup.
Switzerland took a 3-0 lead over Austria in their quarter-final, but the Austrians recovered to win 7-5. The 12-goal game remains a tournament record.
South Korea lost two games by a combined 16-0 (Hungary defeated South Korea 9-0, and Turkey defeated South Korea 7-0) and thus becomes one of the worst teams in the history of the world championships.
South Korea conceded the most goals in a World Cup (16), a record that still remains.
South Korea had the lowest aggregate goal difference (−16), a record that still remains.
South Korea conceded the most goals per game (8, tied with Bolivia 1950), a record that still remains.
South Korea had the lowest average goal difference per game (−8.0, tied with Bolivia 1950), a record that still remains.
Sándor Kocsis from Hungary scored 11 goals and bettered the previous record set by Ademir from Brazil in the previous tournament by three goals.
Sandor Kocsis became the first man to score a hat-tricks and a poker in the same World Cup (hat-trick against South Korea, poker against West Germany).
Hungary defeated Brazil 4-2 in the quarter-finals in one of the most violent matches in the World Cup history, played on 27 June at the Wankdorf Stadium in Berne.
The first match lost by Uruguay in World Cup history was against Hungary after extra time, 4-2, in the semi-finals. Uruguay had been the champion in the two World Cups it had played (1930 and 1950).
This was the only time in the World Cups history that a first phase group (Group 4) has consisted entirely of teams from the same continent: England, Italy, Switzerland and Belgium.
A highly unusual fact was that in the knockout stage four winning teams of the groups played each other to decide one finalist. The other finalists left to face the four second places.
Stanley Matthews from England was the oldest player in the World Cup finals of 1950 and 1954.
Obdulio Varela from Uruguay was the oldest scorer player in the World Cup finals of 1950 and 1954.
The V World Cup required two drawing of lots to determine the first-place team (Uruguay and Brazil) and two playoff games (Switzerland 4-1 Italy and West Germany 7-2 Turkey) to decide the teams that would advance to the knockout stage.
Hat-tricks: Erich Probst (Austria), Theodor Wagner (Austria), Sándor Kocsis (Hungary), Josef Hügi (Switzerland), Burhan Sangur (Turkey), Carlos Borges (Uruguay), Max Morlock (West Hermany)
Poker: Sándor Kocsis (Hungary)
The youngest player was Coşkun Taş from Turkey: 19y (23 April 1935). The youngest goalkeeper wasŞükrü Ersoy from Turkey: 20y (14 January 1934). The youngest scorer was Miloš Milutinović from Yugoslavia: 21y (5 February 1933). The youngest champion was Horst Eckel from West Germany: 22y (8 February 1932). The youngest captain was Turgay Şeren from Turkey: 22y (15 May 1932).
The oldest player was Stanley Mattews from England: 39y (1 February 1915). The oldest goalkeeper was Roque Máspoli from Uruguay: 36y (12 October 1917). The oldest scorer was Obdulio Varela from Uruguay: 36y (20 September 1917). The oldest champion was Toni Turek from West Germany: 35y (18 January 1919). The oldest captain was also Obdulio Varela from Uruguay: 36y (20 September 1917).
   
   
  Teams that contributed players for national teams
   
 
The most important teams that contributed players to the national teams are shown in the table below. The complete list is available at: Teams-Countries-Players-1954
   
 
Pos
Logo
Team
NoP
Country
Flag
1
    Seoul Army Club
11
2
  SK Rapid Wien
10
  Austria
3
File:Escudo de Peñarol.svg
  Peñarol
9
4
  Budapest Honvéd FC
8
  Hungary
File:Club Nacional de Football's logo.png
  Nacional
8
6
  Dukla Prague
7
  Czechoslovakia
  Fenerbahçe SK
7
  Turkey
8
  Stade de Reims
6
  France
  MTK Budapest FC
6
  Hungary
  Internazionale
6
  Italy
  Galatasaray S.K.
6
  Turkey
12
  1. FC Kaiserslautern
5
  Germany
  Juventus
5
  Italy
  Fiorentina
5
  Italy
  BSC Young Boys
5
  Switzerland
  FC La Chaux-de-Fonds
5
  Switzerland
  Red Star Belgrade
5
  Yugoslavia
  GNK Dinamo Zagreb
5
  Yugoslavia
  FK Partizan
5
  Yugoslavia
20
  FK Austria Wien
4
  Austria
  FC Admira Wacker Mödling
4
  Austria
  K. Beerschot V.A.C.
4
  Belgium
  R.S.C. Anderlecht
4
  Belgium
  Fluminense
4
  Brazil
  São Paulo FC
4
  Brazil
  Lille OSC
4
  France
  Lausanne Sports
4
  Switzerland
  MKE Ankaragücü
4
  Turkey
   
        
Cumulative teams contributions
   
 

The complete list is available at: Teams-Countries-Players-1954

   
 
Pos
Log
Team
Country
Flag
Tot
30
34
38
50
54
1
File:Escudo de Peñarol.svg
  Peñarol
24
5
1
9
9
2
File:Club Nacional de Football's logo.png
  Nacional
23
9
1
5
8
3
  Juventus   Italy
21
10
2
4
5
4
File:Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas logo.svg
  Botafogo
  Brazil
20
4
9
5
1
1
  Internazionale   Italy
20
4
5
5
6
6
  SK Rapid Wien
  Austria
19
5
4
10
  SK Slavia Praha
  Czechoslovakia
19
10
9
  Grasshopper-Club Zürich   Switzerland
19
6
9
1
3
9
  Vasco da Gama
  Brazil
18
4
2
1
8
3
10
  Fluminense
  Brazil
16
5
5
2
4
  AC Sparta Prague
  Czechoslovakia
16
6
8
2
  MTK Budapest FC   Hungary
16
3
7
6
13
  Ferencvárosi TC   Hungary
15
6
8
1
  Servette FC   Switzerland
15
5
4
3
3
15
File:Colo-Colo.svg
  Colo-Colo
  Chile
14
8
6
  Újpest FC   Hungary
14
7
5
2
17
  K. Beerschot V.A.C.   Belgium
13
1
8
4
  Red Star Belgrade
  Yugoslavia
13
8
5
19
  São Paulo FC
  Brazil
12
4
4
4
  FK Partizan
  Yugoslavia
12
7
5
21
  FC Admira Wacker Mödling
  Austria
11
6
1
4
  Lille OSC
  France
11
4
3
4
File:Atlante FC logo.svg
  Atlante
  Mexico
11
7
1
3
File:Escudo de Olimpia.png
  Club Olimpia
  Paraguay
11
5
6
  FC Ripensia Timişoara
  Romania
11
6
5
    Seoul Army Club
11
11
27
  FK Austria Wien
  Austria
10
3
3
4
  Royal Daring Club Molenbeek   Belgium
10
1
4
3
2
  Flamengo
  Brazil
10
2
3
2
3
  FC Sochaux-Montbéliard
  France
10
2
2
5
1
  Racing Club de France
  France
10
5
2
3
  Alianza Lima
  Peru
10
10
  Lausanne Sports   Switzerland
10
2
1
3
4
34
  Royal Antwerp FC   Belgium
9
2
3
1
3
  Budapest Honvéd FC   Hungary
9
1
8
  Club América
  Mexico
9
5
3
1
  Athletic Bilbao   Spain
9
5
4
  Malmö FF   Sweden
9
1
8
        
        
Leagues that countributed players for national teams
   
 
The most important leagues that contributed players to the national teams are shown in the table below.

   
 
Pos
Team
Flag
NoP
Per
 
345
 
1
  England
29
8.40%
2
  Austria
22
6.38%
  Belgium
22
6.38%
  Brazil
22
6.38%
  Czechoslovakia
22
6.38%
  France
22
6.38%
  West Germany
22
6.38%
  Hungary
22
6.38%
  Italy
22
6.38%
  Mexico
22
6.38%
  Switzerland
22
6.38%
  Turkey
22
6.38%
22
6.38%
  Yugoslavia
22
6.38%
15
  Scotland
15
4.35%
15
4.35%
   
   
Cumulative contributions (leagues)
   
 
Pos
Team
Flag
Total
30
34
38
50
54
Per
Cha
 
1491
243
317
316
270
345
 
1
 Brazil
105
24
15
22
22
22
7.04%
0
2
 France
89
19
23
25
22
5.97%
0
3
 Italy
88
22
22
22
22
5.90%
0
4
 Switzerland
84
23
20
19
22
5.63%
0
5
 Belgium
83
16
22
23
22
5.57%
0
6
 Uruguay
68
22
2
22
22
4.56%
+3
7
 Hungary
65
22
21
22
4.36%
+5
8
 Czechoslovakiakia
61
17
22
22
4.09%
+8
 Mexico
61
17
22
22
4.09%
+8
10
 West Germany
57
22
13
22
3.82%
+9
 Yugoslavia
57
13
22
22
3.82%
+9
12
 Sweden
56
16
22
18
3.75%
-6
13
 Austria
53
22
9
22
3.55%
+8
14
 United States
52
16
19
17
3.49%
-7
15
 England
51
22
29
3.42%
+7
 Romania
51
15
15
21
3.42%
-7
17
 Paraguay
44
22
22
2.95%
-7
 Spain
44
22
22
2.95%
-7
19
 Netherlands
43
22
21
2.88%
-7
20
 Argentina
40
22
18
2.68%
-6
 Chile
40
19
21
2.68%
-6
22
 Bolivia
36
17
19
2.41%
-4
23
 Poland
22
22
1.47%
-1
 Turkey
22
22
1.47%
25
 Norway
21
21
1.41%
-1
 Peru
21
21
1.41%
-1
27
 Indonesia
17
17
1.14%
-1
28
 Cuba
15
15
1.01%
-1
 Egypt
15
15
1.01%
-1
 Scotland
15
15
1.01%
15
15
1.01%
 
 
H-index, i-10 index and ne
 
   
 
h-index is the largest number h such that h teams have at least h players.  i-10 index is the number of teams with at least 10 players.  nt is the number of teams. cha is the number of positions won or lost compared to the previous world cup.
 
 
Pos
Country
Flag
h-index
i-10 index
ne
Cha
1
 Brazil
6
5
17
0
2
 France
6
3
28
+1
3
 Switzerland
6
3
19
+
4
 Belgium
6
2
20
+1
5
 Hungary
5
3
11
+1
6
 Austria
5
3
6
+8
7
 Italy
5
2
14
-5
8
 Yugoslavia
5
2
9
+5
9
 Mexico
5
1
15
+11
10
 Paraguay
5
1
8
-6
11
 Czechoslovakiakia
4
2
15
+13
12
 Romania
4
1
18
-4
13
 West Germany
4
0
31
+6
14
 United States
4
0
25
-5
15
 England
4
0
24
+11
16
 Sweden
4
0
17
-6
17
 Bolivia
4
0
13
-6
 Spain
4
0
13
-6
19
 Uruguay
3
2
12
-4
20
 Chile
3
1
12
-4
21
 Argentina
3
0
23
-4
 Netherlands
3
0
23
-4
23
 Norway
3
0
11
-2
 Poland
3
0
11
-2
25
 Scotland
3
0
8
26
 Turkey
3
0
7
27
 Cuba
3
0
5
-4
28
 Peru
2
1
6
-3
29
 Indonesia
2
0
12
-2
30
 Egypt
2
0
6
-2
31
1
1
5
 
        
Coaches contributed by country
   
 
The coaches contributed by country are shown in the table below. Austria, Hungary and Scotland contributed two coaches each.

   
 
Pos
Country
Flag
NoC
1
  Austria
2
  Hungary
2
  Scotland
2
4
  Brazil
1
  Czechoslovakia
1
  England
1
  France
1
  West Germany
1
  Italy
1
1
  Spain
1
1
  Yugoslavia
1
   
 
Cumulative contributions (coaches)
   
Pos
Country
Flag
Tot
30
34
38
50
54
 
73
13
16
15
13
16
 
7
2
2
2
1
    Hungary
7
1
2
2
2
3
  Austria
5
2
1
2
  Brazil
5
1
1
1
1
1
  Italy
5
1
1
2
1
6
  Spain
4
1
1
1
1
7
3
2
1
  Czechoslovakia
3
1
1
1
  France
3
1
1
1
  Scotland
3
1
2
3
1
1
1
3
1
1
1
  West Germany
3
1
1
1
  Yugoslavia
3
1
1
1
15
  Belgium
2
1
1
  Mexico
2
1
1
  Romania
2
1
1
  Switzerland
2
1
1
19
  Bolivia
1
1
  Chile
1
1
  Cuba
1
1
  Netherlands
1
1
  Norway
1
1
  Paraguay
1
1
  Poland
1
1
1
     
1
 
        
 
Referees, countries and world cup matches
 
Referees from 21 countries have conducted 101 world cup matches till The 1954 FIFA Worl Cup.
   
 
Pos
Country
Flag
Tot
30
34
38
50
54
Ch
101
18
17
18
22
26
1
  Italy
15
7
2
4
2
0
2
  Belgium
11
5
2
3
1
0
11
     
7
4
+1
4
  France
8
1
5
2
0
5
  Brazil
7
3
3
1
-1
  Switzerland
7
2
2
1
2
+1
7
6
5
1
-1
8
  Sweden
5
2
2
1
-2
  Austria
5
2
1
2
+1
  Wales
5
     
2
3
+3
11
  Netherlands
3
1
2
-2
  Hungary
3
   
1
2
+3
  Scotland
3
     
1
2
+3
  West Germany
3
1
1
1
0
15
2
2
-4
  Spain
2
     
1
1
-1
17
  Bolivia
1
1
-3
  Chile
1
1
-3
  Czechoslovakia
1
   
1
-3
1
       
1
  Yugoslavia
1
       
1
      
 
Referees, confederations and world cup matches
 
Referees from 2 confederations have conducted 101 world cup matches till The 1954 FIFA Worl Cup.
   
 
Pos
Confederation
Logo
Tot
30
34
38
50
54
Per
 
101
18
17
18
22
26
1
  UEFA
84
6
17
18
19
24
83%
2
  CONMEBOL
17
12
   
3
2
17%
 
 
 
Attendance
   
 
The total attendance at the World Cup as well as both the total and average attendance for each of the national teams is shown in the table below.

   
 
Pos
Flag
Team
Total
#M
Average
  
768,607
26
29,562
1
  West Germany
238,500
6
39,750
2
  Hungary
216,500
5
43,300
3
  Austria
176,000
5
35,200
4
  Uruguay
159,500
5
31,900
5
  Switzerland
151,500
4
37,875
6
  Italy
97,000
3
32,333
7
  England
85,500
3
28,500
8
  Brazil
78,107
3
26,036
9
  Scotland
59,000
2
29,500
10
  Yugoslavia
57,637
3
19,212
11
  Turkey
49,000
3
16,333
12
  Czechoslovakia
46,500
2
23,250
13
  Belgium
38,000
2
19,000
14
  France
35,000
2
17,500
15
  Mexico
32,470
2
16,235
16
  South Korea
17,000
2
8,500
   
 
Cumulative attendance
   
Pos
Flag
Team
Total
#M
Average
Ch
  
3,143,102
101
31,120
1
  Brazil
978,864
17
57,580
0
2
  Uruguay
667,393
13
51,338
0
3
  Italy
507,768
14
36,269
+1
4
  Spain
411,564
9
45,729
-1
5
  Yugoslavia
340,712
9
37,857
0
6
  Hungary
337,500
11
30,682
+7
7
  West Germany
318,677
12
26,556
+11
8
  Switzerland
311,625
12
25,969
+1
9
  Argentina
262,200
6
43,700
-3
10
  Sweden
258,505
10
25,851
-3
11
  Austria
257,000
9
28,556
+6
12
  England
199,816
6
33,303
+2
13
  Czechoslovakia
188,662
9
20,962
-2
14
  Mexico
184,570
8
23,071
-4
15
  France
169,762
8
21,220
-3
16
  United States
162,701
7
23,243
-8
17
  Chile
110,702
6
18,450
-2
18
  Belgium
106,800
6
17,800
+1
19
  Romania
96,571
5
19,314
-3
20
  Paraguay
64,020
4
16,005
0
21
  Peru
60,284
2
30,142
0
22
  Scotland
59,000
2
29,500
23
  Bolivia
49,056
3
16,352
-1
24
  Turkey
49,000
3
16,333
25
  Netherlands
44,000
2
22,000
-2
26
  Cuba
22,000
3
7,333
-2
27
  Norway
19,000
1
19,000
-2
28
  South Korea
17,000
2
8,500
29
  Poland
13,452
1
13,452
-3
30
  Indonesia
9,000
1
9,000
-3
  Egypt
9,000
1
9,000
        
      

  Awards and best players
   
 
The top scorer (Golden Shoe) of the tournament was Sándor Kocsis from Hungary, who would go on to score eleven goals. The names that people probably remember from those times are:

    
 
   
     
    
  All-star team
   
 
The All-Star Team is a team of the best performers at the respective World Cup finals
   
 
 
 
  Cumulative participation by country
 
Pos
Team
Flag
Tot
30
34
38
50
54
Ch
1
13
7
5
1
0
2
  Italy
12
6
6
-1
3
  Hungary
8
2
6
+2
4
  Brazil
7
2
4
1
-1
5
  Spain
4
3
1
-1
6
2
2
-1
  Austria
2
1
1
+2
  Czechoslovakia
2
1
1
-1
  West Germany
2
       
2
10
  Sweden
1
1
-2
1
1
-2
  Yugoslavia
1
1
-2
       
    

  DID YOU KNOW?
   
 
Ferenc Puskás, Hungary's team captain, the Galloping Major, considered by many as the best player in the world in that time, was injured by German defender Liebrich, and had to miss the next two matches of his team. Puskás reappeared only in the final against Germany. Though not fully fit, Puskás opened the scoring.
Ferenc Puskás was born as Ferenc Purczeld in Budapest. However, his father changed the family surname to Puskás when he was ten years old. Puskás became Olympic champion in 1952, was a World Cup finalist in 1954, won three European Championships, and won four Pichichis while playing with Real Madrid.
There were many controversies in the final match, all of them favoring the German team. There was a clear foul on the Hungarian goalkeeper Gyula Grosics in the second German goal. Another controversy was the offside ruling for Puskás in the minute 87, who had an excellent scoring opportunity. In the final minute, the Hungarian team reclaimed a foul on Kocsis in the penalty area. However, the mother of all disputes concerns the doping charge of the German team. The Hungarians were surprised by the better physical condition of the Germans in the second half. A research conducted by Guido Knopp in 2004 for German public channel ZDF says that the players were injected with shots of vitamin C at half-time, which would also explain the wave of jaundice among team members following the tournament. Another study from Leipzig University in 2010 stated that the West German players had been injected with the banned substance methamphetamine.
Fritz and Ottmar Walter from West Germany became the first brothers in a winning World Cup side. In the semifinals, they had become the first brothers to score in the same World Cup game.
The German team were amateurs as there was no professional league there at the time.
The football world would learn a lesson that is repeated countless times: never, ever, given up for lost the Germans.
Hungary's Ferenc Puskas and Uruguay's Jose Santamaria both played for Spain at the 1962 World Cup in Chile.
   
 

World Cup 1954 poster

Card autographed by coach Sepp Herberger and the 11 German players that appeared in the final
Germany embraces the world champions
   
  
           Last updated: 4 October 2017
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