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1978 FIFA WORLD CUP Copa del Mundo de 1978
  THEFIFAWORLDCUPS            
1978 WORLD CUP - ARGENTINA  
1978 FIFA WORLD CUP
                   
       
       
               
               
               
               
       
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  1978 WORLD CUP
                   

The 1978 FIFA World Cup took place in Argentina from 1 June to 25 June 1978. For the first time in 16 years, the tournament returned to South America. 16 teams from 5 confederations participated in the final tournament: 10 from Europe (UEFA), 3 from South America (CONMEBOL), 1 from North America, Central America and Caribbean (CONCACAF), 1 from Africa (CAF), and 1 from Asia (AFC). Two teams made their first World Cup presentation (Iran and Tunisia).

There were some interesting facts in this World Cup. Tunisia made history becoming the first African team to win a game in a World Cup after beating Mexico 3-1. Tunisia then tied the world champion West Germany 0-0, but their effort was not enough to advance to the next stage. Iran, another World Cup debutant, gained a point against Scotland. Rob Rensenbrink of the Netherlands scored the goal number 1000 in World Cup history. On the other hand, Willie Johnston from Scotland was expelled from the World Cup after he was found to have taken a banned stimulant in the game against Peru.

There were some on-field controversies as well. One of them happened during the game between Brazil and Sweden. Brazil was awarded a corner kick that resulted in a goal. However, this was not awarded because the referee Clives Thomas from Wales whistled the end of the game while the ball was headed to the network. The other one happened in the game between Argentina and Peru. It was stated that Argentine President, the dictator Jorge Rafael Videla, struck a deal with the government of Peru that ensured Argentina would proceed to the final. Argentina would provide a ship full of grain to Peru, while Peru had to allow Argentina to win with a margin that was large enough to advance to the final. The Peruvian goalkeeper, Ramón Quiroga, was born in Argentina and that added more controversy to the issue. Argentina needed to win by four goals to reach the final when they thumped Peru 6-0. In February 2012, several media outlets reported that FIFA will start an inquiry concerning the Argentina Peru game; however, FIFA officially denied this.

Regarding games, one of the biggest surprises happened when the legendary Hans Krankl fired Austria to a first victory over West Germans, a match that would become known as the Miracle of Cordoba.  Austria beat West Germany 3-2, which marked their end as World Champions. Both Austria and West Germany had already given a notice in the first round. West Germany finished second in the group behind Poland, while Austria finished ahead of Brazil in Group 3. Brazil went home undefeated. Another surprise in the first round happened in group 4. Peru pushed the Netherlands into second place. The Netherlands drew with Peru 0-0, and lost to Scotland 3-2 in one of the best games of the tournament. Archibald Gemmill of Scotland scored two goals, and the second one is among the best ever scored at the World Cup. The goal is so famous that it sometimes overshadows a successful career in which he won three English league titles. The Netherlands only could beat Iran 3-0 in the first round. However, it is worth noting the Dutch began to show their class, played very well in the second round, and reached the final.

The 1978 FIFA World Cup was contested at Estadio Monumental, Buenos Aires, before a crowd of 75,000 impassioned and vociferous followers, for the hosts, Argentina led by Mario Kempes, and the Netherlands and their Total Football, although without its star Johan Cruyff who had chosen to miss the finals. Argentina beat the Netherlands 3-1 after extra time winning the first World Cup title. Rob Rensenbrink hit the woodwork in the last minute of regulation time, denying the Dutch their first world title. Mario Kempes, El Matador, who finished top scorer of the tournament and made the difference in Argentina, scored twice in the final, including the winner in extra time. The game was also controversial, as the Dutch accused the Argentines of using stalling tactics to delay the match, while Argentines claimed the legality of a plaster cast on René van de Kerkhof's wrist. The Netherlands, because of the controversial game events and adding another controversy, refused to attend the post-match ceremonies after the match ended -1-. This was the fifth time the host country wins the World Cup.

The top scorer (Golden Shoe) of the tournament was Mario Kempes of Argentina, who would go on to score six goals. Antonio Cabrini of Italy was elected best young player. Argentina, on the other hand, received the FIFA Fair Play award. The names that people probably remember from those times are: Ubaldo Fillol (Argentine goalkeeper), Dino Zoff (Italian goalkeeper), Sepp Maier (German goalkeeper), Berti Vogts (German defender), Ruud Krol (Dutch defender), Nelinho (Brazilian defender), Alberto Tarantini (Argentine defender), Antonio Cabrini (Italian defender and best young player), Héctor Chumpitaz (Peruvian defender), Daniel Passarella (Argentine defender), Władysław Żmuda (Polish defender), Michel Platini (French midfielder), Kazimierz Deyna (Polish midfielder), René Houseman (Argentine midfielder), Osvaldo Ardiles (Argentine midfielder), Johan Neeskens (Dutch midfielder), Toninho Cerezo (Brazilian midfielder), Dirceu (Brazilian midfielder), Zico (Brazilian midfielder), Archibald Gemmill (Scottish midfielder), Karl-Heinz Rummenigge (German striker), Hugo Sánchez (Mexican striker), Kenny Dalghlish (Scottish striker), Daniel Bertoni (Argentine striker), Rob Rensenbrink (Dutch striker), Leopoldo Luque (Argentine striker), Teófilo Cubillas (Peruvian striker), Grzegorz Lato (Polish striker), Hans Krankl (Austrian striker), Roberto Bettega (Italian striker), Paolo Rossi (Italian striker), and Mario Kempes (Argentine striker and Golden Shoe).

External link:

       
QUICK FACTS
                                     
                                     
  Teams
  16
Adidas Tango
  When
  1-25 June 1978
  
  Matches
  38
  Venues
  6
  Attendance
  1,545,791 (average 40,678)
  Goals Scored
  102 (2.68 per match)
                                     
                                     
ARGENTINA 3-1 NETHERLANDS
  Champion
 Golden shoe
1
6
  Runner-up
2
5
  Third place
  Brazil
5
  Fourth Place
  Italy
  
   Best young player
 Fair play award
 Argentina
                     
                     
  Antecedents
                                   

Argentina was chosen to host the 1978 FIFA World Cup, the 11th staging of the FIFA World Cup, at the FIFA Congress in London, England, on 6 July 1966. The hosts for the World Cups of 1974, 1978 and 1982 were awarded at the same conference. There were two bids to host the 1978 FIFA World Cup: Argentina, and Mexico. However, Mexico agreed to withdraw from the bidding process as they had won hosting for the 1970 FIFA World Cup.

Argentina suffered a military coup just two years before the World Cup and was under a state of siege and a brutal dictatorship headed
by General Videla. Thousands of people have been killed, including General Omar Actis president of the World Cup Organizing Committee, with many more jailed and tortured. For that reason, some countries, including the Dutch who talked openly about boycotting the tournament, considered publicly whether they should participate in the cup in protest against Videla's totalitarian regime and its violation of human rights. However, Videla avoided the potential embarrassment by guaranteeing there would be no bloodshed during the tournament, and finally all teams took part in the World Cup. The 11th World Cup went happily by without a major incident of violence.

 

   

 
  Qualification
                                   
  Participating countries:
105
  Withdrew:
8
  Qualified automatically:
2
  Teams that played at least one qualifying match:
95
  Matches:
252
  Total goals:
723 (2.87 per match)

A total of 105 teams signed up to participate in the 1978 World Cup qualification rounds setting a new record number for the qualifying tournament. Argentina, as the hosts, and West Germany, as the defending champions, qualified automatically, leaving 14 spots open for competition.

Some very important teams had problems in the qualification rounds, and finally failed to qualify for the final tournament. They were England, the European champion Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and Soviet Union. The 14 available spots were distributed in continental zones as shown below:

 

Europe (UEFA): 9.5 spots. 31 teams competed for 8 direct places. The winner of the other 0.5 place would progress to the international playoff against a team from CONMEBOL. West Germany, as the defending champion, qualified directly.
South America (CONMEBOL): 3.5 spots. 9 teams competed for 2 direct places. The winner of the other 0.5 place would progress to the international playoff against a team from UEFA. Argentina, as the hosts, qualified automatically.
North America, Central America and Caribbean (CONCACAF): 1 spot. 16 teams competed for only 1 direct place.
Africa (CAF): 1 spot. 26 teams competed for only 1 direct place. Central African Republic, Sudan, Tanzania and Zaire withdrew.
Asia (AFC) and Oceania (OFC): 1 spot. 21 teams competed for 1 direct place. Sri Lanka, North Korea, Iraq and United Arab Emirates withdrew.

Bolivia, from CONMEBOL, and Hungary, from UEFA, advanced to the international play-off. Hungary defeated Bolivia twice. The first time 6-0 in Budapest on 29 October 1977, and the second time 3-2 in La Paz on 30 November 1977. Hungary, therefore, qualified for the World Cup.

A total of 95 teams played at least one qualifying match, 252 qualifying matches were played, and 723 goals were scored establishing three new records.

 
       
  Match officials  
   
Thirty referees participated in the tournament. 17 from UEFA, 6 from CONMEBOL, 2 from AFC, 2 from CAF, 2 from CONCACAF, and 1 from OFC..
 
   
 
           
           
1978 WORLD CUP STANDINGS
 
 
Pos
Flag
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Perf.
Sum(P/Nt)
Title
Pt
Ap.
1
 Argentina
7
5
1
1
15
4
11
11
1.57
0.0625
16.00
C
7
2
 Netherlands
7
3
2
2
15
10
5
8
1.14
0.1250
8.00
F
4
3
 Brazil
7
4
3
0
10
3
7
11
1.57
0.1875
6.00
TP
11
4
 Italy
7
4
1
2
9
6
3
9
1.29
0.2500
4.00
FP
9
5
 Poland
6
3
1
2
6
6
0
7
1.17
0.3125
2.00
2R
3
6
 West Germany
6
1
4
1
10
5
5
6
1.00
0.3750
2.00
2R
9
7
 Austria
6
3
0
3
7
10
-3
6
1.00
0.4375
2.00
2R
4
8
 Peru
6
2
1
3
7
12
-5
5
0.83
0.5000
2.00
2R
3
9
 Tunisia
3
1
1
1
3
2
1
3
1.00
0.5625
1.00
1R
1
10
 Spain
3
1
1
1
2
2
0
3
1.00
0.6250
1.00
1R
5
11
 Scotland
3
1
1
1
5
6
-1
3
1.00
0.6875
1.00
1R
4
12
 France
3
1
0
2
5
5
0
2
0.67
0.7500
1.00
1R
7
13
 Sweden
3
0
1
2
1
3
-2
1
0.33
0.8125
1.00
1R
7
14
 Iran
3
0
1
2
2
8
-6
1
0.33
0.8750
1.00
1R
1
15
 Hungary
3
0
0
3
3
8
-5
0
0.00
0.9375
1.00
1R
7
16
 Mexico
3
0
0
3
2
12
-10
0
0.00
1.0000
1.00
1R
8
   
     
TOURNAMENT SUMMARY
 
 
First Round - Group 1
 
 
Pos
Flag
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
1
 Italy
3
3
0
0
6
2
4
6
2
 Argentina
3
2
0
1
4
3
1
4
3
 France
3
1
0
2
5
5
0
2
4
 Hungary
3
0
0
3
3
8
-5
0
 
 
Match 1
2-1
France
Date: 2 June 1978 B. Lacombe 1'
Stadium: Estadio José María Minella  
Venue: Mar del Plata    
Attendance: 42,373  
Referee: Nicolae Rainea (Romania)  
 
 
Match 2
2-1
Hungary
Date: 2 June 1978 K. Csapó 10'
Stadium: Estadio Monumental  
Venue: Buenos Aires  
Attendance: 71,615    
Referee: Antonio Garrido (Portugal)  
 
 
Match 3
3-1
Hungary
Date: 6 June 1978 A. Tóth 81'
Stadium: Estadio José María Minella  
Venue: Mar del Plata  
Attendance: 26,533  
Referee: Ramón Barreto (Uruguay)  
 
 
Match 4
2-1
France
Date: 6 June 1978 M. Platini 60'
Stadium: Estadio Monumental  
Venue: Buenos Aires    
Attendance: 71,666    
Referee: Jean Dubach (Switzerland)  
 
 
Match 5
3-1
Hungary
Date: 10 June 1978 S. Zombori 41'
Stadium: Estadio José María Minella  
Venue: Mar del Plata  
Attendance: 23,127  
Referee: Arnaldo Cézar Coelho (Brazil)  
 
 
Match 6
1-0
Argentina
Date: 10 June 1978  
Stadium: Estadio Monumental
 
Venue: Buenos Aires    
Attendance: 71,712  
Referee: Abraham Klein (Israel)  
 
 
First Round - Group 2
   
 
Pos
Flag
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
1
 Poland
3
2
1
0
4
1
3
5
2
 West Germany
3
1
2
0
6
0
6
4
3
 Tunisia
3
1
1
1
3
2
1
3
4
 Mexico
3
0
0
3
2
12
-10
0
 
 
Match 7
0-0
Poland
Date: 1 June 1978      
Stadium: Estadio Monumental      
Venue: Buenos Aires    
Attendance: 67,579      
Referee: Ángel Norberto Coerezza (Argentina)  
 
 
Match 8
Tunisia
3-1
Mexico
Date: 2 June 1978 A. Vázquez Ayala 45'
Stadium: Estadio Gigante de Arroyito  
Venue: Rosario  
Attendance: 17,396  
Referee: John Gordon (Scotland)  
 
 
Match 9
6-0
Mexico
Date: 6 June 1978  
Stadium: Estadio Chateau Carreras  
Venue: Córdoba
K. Rummenigge 38', 73'
 
Attendance: 35,258
H. Flohe 44', 89'
 
Referee: Farouk Bouzo (Syria)  
 
 
Match 10
Poland
1-0
Tunisia
Date: 6 June 1978    
Stadium: Estadio Gigante de Arroyito
   
Venue: Rosario    
Attendance: 9,624      
Referee: Ángel Franco Martínez (Spain)  
 
 
Match 11
0-0
Tunisia
Date: 10 June 1978    
Stadium: Estadio Chateau Carreras    
Venue: Córdoba    
Attendance: 30,667  
Referee: César Guerrero Orosco (Peru)  
 
 
Match 12
Poland
3-1
Mexico
Date: 10 June 1978
Z. Boniek 43', 84'
V. Rangel 52'
Stadium: Estadio Gigante de Arroyito  
Venue: Rosario    
Attendance: 22,651  
Referee: Jafar Namdar (Iran)  
 
 
First Round - Group 3
 
 
Pos
Flag
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
1
 Austria
3
2
0
1
3
2
1
4
2
 Brazil
3
1
2
0
2
1
1
4
3
 Spain
3
1
1
1
2
2
0
3
4
 Sweden
3
0
1
2
1
3
-2
0
 
 
Match 13
Austria
2-1
Spain
Date: 3 June 1978   Dani 21'
Stadium: Estadio José Amalfitani    
Venue: Buenos Aires    
Attendance: 40,841      
Referee: Károly Palotai (Hungria)  
 
 
Match 14
1-1
Sweden
Date: 3 June 1978 T. Sjöberg 37'
Stadium: Estadio José Maria Minella    
Venue: Mar del Plata    
Attendance: 32,569  
Referee: Clive Thomas (Wales)  
 
 
Match 15
Austria
1-0
Sweden
Date: 7 June 1978  
Stadium: Estadio José Amalfitani    
Venue: Buenos Aires    
Attendance: 41,424  
Referee: Charles Corver (Netherlands)  
 
 
Match 16
0-0
Spain
Date: 7 June 1978      
Stadium: Estadio José Maria Minella      
Venue: Mar del Plata    
Attendance: 34,771      
Referee: Sergio Gonella (Italy)  
 
 
Match 17
1-0
Sweden
Date: 11 June 1978  
Stadium: Estadio José Amalfitani
 
Venue: Buenos Aires    
Attendance: 42,132  
Referee: Ferdinand Biwersi (West Germany)  
 
 
Match 18
1-0
Austria
Date: 11 June 1978  
Stadium: Estadio José Maria Minella    
Venue: Mar del Plata    
Attendance: 35,221  
Referee: Robert Wurtz (France)  
 
 
First Round - Group 4
 
 
Pos
Flag
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
1
 Peru
3
2
1
0
7
2
5
5
2
 Netherlands
3
1
1
1
5
3
2
3
3
 Scotland
3
1
1
1
5
6
-1
3
4
 Iran
3
0
1
2
2
8
-6
1
 
   
Match 19
Peru
3-1
Scotland
Date: 3 June 1978   J. Jordan 14'
Stadium: Estadio Chateau Carreras
T. Cubillas 71', 77'
   
Venue: Córdoba    
Attendance: 37,927      
Referee: Ulf Eriksson (Sweden)  
 
 
Match 20
3-0
Iran
Date: 3 June 1978
R. Rensenbrink 40', 62', 79'
 
Stadium: Estadio Ciudad de Mendoza    
Venue: Mendoza    
Attendance: 33,431  
Referee: Alfonso González Archundia (Mexico)  
 
 
Match 21
Scotland
1-1
Iran
Date: 7 June 1978
A. Eskandarian 43' (o.g.)
I. Danaeifard 60'
Stadium: Estadio Chateau Carreras    
Venue: Córdoba    
Attendance: 7,938  
Referee: Youssou N'Diaye (Senegal)  
 
 
Match 22
0-0
Peru
Date: 7 June 1978      
Stadium: Estadio Ciudad de Mendoza      
Venue: Mendoza    
Attendance: 28,125      
Referee: Adolf Prokop (East Germany)  
 
 
Match 23
Peru
4-1
Iran
Date: 11 June 1978 H. Rowshan 41'
Stadium: Estadio Chateau Carreras
T. Cubillas 36', 39', 79'
 
Venue: Córdoba    
Attendance: 21,262  
Referee: Alojzy Jarguz (Poland)  
 
 
Match 24
Scotland
3-2
Netherlands
Date: 11 June 1978 R. Rensenbrink 34'
Stadium: Estadio Ciudad de Mendoza
A. Gemmill 47', 68'
J. Rep 71'
Venue: Mendoza    
Attendance: 35,130  
Referee: Erich Linemayr (Austria)  
 
 
Second Round - Group A
 
 
Pos
Flag
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
1
 Netherlands
3
2
1
0
9
4
5
5
2
 Italy
3
1
1
1
2
2
0
3
3
 West Germany
3
0
2
1
4
5
-1
2
4
 Austria
3
1
0
2
4
8
-4
2
 
 
Match 25
5-1
Austria
Date: 14 June 1978   E. Obermayer 79'
Stadium: Estadio Chateau Carreras  
Venue: Córdoba
J. Rep 36', 53'
 
Attendance: 25,050  
Referee: John Gordon (Scotland)    
 
 
Match 26
0-0
West Germany
Date: 14 June 1978    
Stadium: Estadio Monumental    
Venue: Buenos Aires    
Attendance: 67,547    
Referee: Dušan Maksimović (Yugoslavia)    
 
 
Match 27
2-2
West Germany
Date: 18 June 1978 R. Abramczik 3'
Stadium: Estadio Chateau Carreras D. Müller 70'
Venue: Córdoba    
Attendance: 40,750    
Referee: Ramón Barreto (Uruguay)  
 
 
Match 28  
1-0
Austria
Date: 18 June 1978    
Stadium: Estadio Monumental
 
Venue: Buenos Aires    
Attendance: 66,695  
Referee: Francis Rion (Belgium)  
 
 
Match 29
Austria
3-2
West Germany
Date: 21 June 1978
B. Vogts 59'(o.g.)
  K. Rummenigge 19'
Stadium: Estadio Chateau Carreras
H. Krankl 66', 87'
B. Hölzenbein 68'
Venue: Córdoba    
Attendance: 38,318  
Referee: Abraham Klein (Israel)    
 
 
Match 30
2-1
Italy
Date: 21 June 1978 Brandts 18' (o.g.)
Stadium: Estadio Monumental  
Venue: Buenos Aires    
Attendance: 67,433    
Referee: Angel Franco Martínez (Spain)    
 
 
Second Round - Group B
 
 
Pos
Flag
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
1
 Argentina
3
2
1
0
8
0
8
5
2
 Brazil
3
2
1
0
6
1
5
5
3
 Poland
3
1
0
2
2
5
-3
2
4
 Peru
3
0
0
3
0
10
-10
0
 
 
Match 31
3-0
Peru
Date: 14 June 1978
Dirceu 15', 28'
 
Stadium: Estadio Ciudad de Mendoza
Zico 73'
 
Venue: Mendoza
 
Attendance: 31,278    
Referee: Nicolae Rainea (Romania)  
 
 
Match 32  
2-0
Poland
Date: 14 June 1978
M. Kempes 16', 71'
   
Stadium: Estadio Gigante de Arroyito
 
Venue: Rosario    
Attendance: 37,091  
Referee: Ulf Eriksson (Sweden)  
 
 
Match 33
Poland
1-0
Peru
Date: 18 June 1978  
Stadium: Estadio Ciudad de Mendoza
 
Venue: Mendoza
 
Attendance: 35,288    
Referee: Pat Partridge (England)  
 
 
Match 34  
0-0
Brazil
Date: 18 June 1978      
Stadium: Estadio Gigante de Arroyito    
Venue: Rosario    
Attendance: 37,326  
Referee: Károly Palotai (Hungary)  
 
 
Match 35
3-1
Poland
Date: 21 June 1978 Lato 45'
Stadium: Estadio Ciudad de Mendoza  
Venue: Mendoza
 
Attendance: 39,586    
Referee: Juan Silvagno Cavanna (Chile)  
 
 
Match 36  
6-0
Peru
Date: 21 June 1978
M. Kempes 21', 48'
   
Stadium: Estadio Gigante de Arroyito  
Venue: Rosario
L. Luque 50, 72'
 
Attendance: 37,315  
Referee: Robert Wurtz (France)  
 
 
Third-place match
 
Match 37
2-1
Italy
Date: 24 June 1978 F. Causio 38'
Stadium: Estadio Monumental
Dirceu 72'
 
Venue: Buenos Aires    
Attendance: 69,659    
Referee: Abraham Klein (Israel)    
 
 
Final
   
  a.e.t.
Match 38
3-1
Netherlands
Date: 25 June 1978
M. Kempes 38', 105'
  D. Nanninga 82'
Stadium: Estadio Monumental  
Venue: Buenos Aires    
Attendance: 71,483  
  Referee: Sergio Gonella (Italy)  
   
   
  STATISTICS
     
   
Goalscorers
   
 
Pos
Player
Team
Flag
Goals
1
 M. Kempes  Argentina
6
2
 R. Rensenbrink  Netherlands
5
 T. Cubillas  Peru
5
4
 L. Luque  Argentina
4
 H. Krankl  Austria
4
6
 Dirceu  Brazil
3
 Roberto Dinamite  Brazil
3
 P. Rossi  Italy
3
 J. Rep  Netherlands
3
 K. Rummenigge  West Germany
3
11
 D. Bertoni  Argentina
2
 Nelinho  Brazil
2
 R. Bettega  Italy
2
 A. Haan  Netherlands
2
 E. Brandts  Netherlands
2
 Z. Boniek  Poland
2
 G. Lato  Poland
2
 A. Gemmill  Scotland
2
 D. Müller  West Germany
2
 H. Flohe  West Germany
2
21
 A. Tarantini  Argentina
1
 D. Passarella  Argentina
1
 R. Houseman  Argentina
1
 B. Vogts (W. Germany, o.g.)  Austria
1
 W. Schachner  Austria
1
 E. Obermayer  Austria
1
 Reinaldo  Brazil
1
 Zico  Brazil
1
 B. Lacombe  France
1
 M. Platini  France
1
 M. Berdoll  France
1
 C. Lopez  France
1
 D. Rocheteau  France
1
 K. Csapó  Hungary
1
 A. Tóth  Hungary
1
 S. Zombori  Hungary
1
 I. Danaeifard  Iran
1
 H. Rowshan  Iran
1
 R. Zaccarelli  Italy
1
 R. Benetti  Italy
1
 Brandts (Netherlands, o.g.)  Italy
1
 F. Causio  Italy
1
 A. Vázquez Ayala  Mexico
1
 V. Rangel  Mexico
1
 D. Nanninga  Netherlands
1
 W. van de Kerkhof  Netherlands
1
 R. van de Kerkhof  Netherlands
1
 C. Cueto  Peru
1
 J. Velásquez  Peru
1
 A. Szarmach  Poland
1
 K. Deyna  Poland
1
 K. Dalglish  Scotland
1
 A. Eskandarian (Iran, o.g.)  Scotland
1
 J. Jordan  Scotland
1
 J. Asensi  Spain
1
 Dani  Spain
1
 T. Sjöberg  Sweden
1
 M. Dhouieb  Tunisia
1
 N. Ghommidh  Tunisia
1
 A. Kaabi  Tunisia
1
 R. Abramczik  West Germany
1
 B. Hölzenbein  West Germany
1
 H. Müller  West Germany
1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
        
Overall top goal scorers
   
 

In gold the topscorers (golden shoe) of the tournament. The complete list is available at: Goleadores-1978

   
Pos
Player
 Team
Flag
Goals
WC-1
WC-2
WC-3
WC-4
1
 Gerd Müller  West Germany
14
70
74
   
2
 Just Fontaine  France
13
58
 
3
 Pelé  Brazil
12
58
62
66
70
4
 Sándor Kocsis  Hungary
11
54
 
5
 Teófilo Cubillas  Peru
10
70
78
   
 Helmut Rahn  West Germany
10
54
58
 
7
 Vavá  Brazil
9
58
62
 
 Uwe Seeler  West Germany
9
58
62
66
70
 Eusébio  Portugal
9
66
 
 Jairzinho  Brazil
9
70
74
   
 Grzegorz Lato  Poland
9
74
78
   
12
 Guillermo Stábile  Argentina
8
30
 
 Leônidas  Brazil
8
34
38
 
 Ademir  Brazil
8
50
 
 Oscar Míguez  Uruguay
8
50
54
 
16
 Oldřich Nejedlý  Czechoslovakia
7
34
38
 
 Hans Schäfer  West Germany
7
54
58
 
 Lajos Tichy  Hungary
7
58
62
 
 Johnny Rep  Netherlands
7
74
78
   
20
 György Sárosi  Hungary
6
34
38
 
 Erich Probst  Austria
6
54
 
 Josef Hügi  Switzerland
6
54
 
 Max Morlock  West Germany
6
54
 
 Helmut Haller  West Germany
6
66
 
 Rivelino  Brazil
6
70
74
   
 Rob Rensenbrink  Netherlands
6
74
78
   
 Andrzej Szarmach  Poland
6
74
78
   
 Mario Kempes  Argentina
6
78
     
 
   
   
Scoring frequency by team
   
Pos
Team
Flag
Tot
13
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Ch
 
1050
1
1
1
1
3
3
8
11
38
59
98
328
1
  Brazil
119
2
1
1
1
4
8
11
23
0
2
  West Germany
110
1
3
6
5
8
27
0
3
  Hungary
73
1
1
1
5
3
4
14
0
4
  Italy
62
1
2
4
6
25
+1
5
  Uruguay
57
2
2
4
6
15
-1
6
  Argentina
55
1
1
1
4
4
17
+2
7
  Sweden
48
3
6
4
10
-1
8
  Yugoslavia
45
1
4
6
17
-1
9
  France
43
1
3
2
17
0
10
  England
34
1
3
3
15
0
11
  Austria
33
1
1
2
3
11
+3
12
  Czechoslovakia
32
1
1
1
4
10
-1
  Netherlands
32
2
1
2
2
8
+7
14
  Soviet Union
30
3
1
5
5
-2
15
  Switzerland
28
1
2
1
1
9
-2
16
  Poland
27
1
1
1
1
2
4
0
17
  Chile
23
1
7
5
-2
18
  Spain
22
2
2
10
-1
19
  Mexico
21
2
17
-1
20
  Peru
17
2
1
5
+5
  Portugal
17
1
2
2
-1
22
  Belgium
12
1
3
3
-1
  Paraguay
12
4
4
-1
  Romania
12
1
1
7
-1
  Scotland
12
2
8
+6
  United States
12
1
8
-1
27
  Turkey
10
2
1
2
-2
28
  Bulgaria
9
9
-1
29
  Northern Ireland
6
1
1
0
30
  Colombia
5
5
0
  Cuba
5
1
2
0
  East Germany
5
1
3
0
  Korea DPR
5
1
3
0
34
  Wales
4
1
2
0
35
  Tunisia
3
3
36
  Egypt
2
1
-1
  Haiti
2
1
 
-1
  Iran
2
2
  Morocco
2
2
-1
40
  Israel
1
1
-2
  Norway
1
1
-2
 
   
   
  Teams that contributed players for national teams
   
 
The most important teams that contributed players to the national teams are shown in the table below. The complete list is available at: Teams-Countries-Players-1978
   
 
Pos
Log
Team
NoP
Country
Flag
1
  Juventus
9
  Italy
  Sporting Cristal
9
  Peru
3
  Alianza Lima
8
  Peru
  Malmö FF
8
  Sweden
5
  FK Austria Wien
6
  Austria
  Torino
6
  Italy
  PSV Eindhoven
6
  Netherlands
  FC Barcelona
6
  Spain
9
  River Plate
5
  Ferencvárosi TC
5
  Hungary
  Újpest FC
5
  Hungary
  Shain Tehran F.C.
5
  Iran
  Club América
5
  Mexico
  UNAM
5
  Mexico
  Real Madrid
5
  Spain
  Club Africain
5
  Tunisia
  1. FC Köln
5
  West Germany
  FC Schalke 04
5
  West Germany
19
  CA Independiente
4
  Manchester United
4
  England
  AS Saint-Étienne
4
  France
  FC Nantes
4
  France
  Olympique de Marseille
4
  France
  Vasas SE
4
  Hungary
  Esteghlal F.C.
4
  Iran
  Pas Tehran F.C.
4
  Iran
  Stal Mielec
4
  Poland
  Wisła Kraków
4
  Poland
  IFK Göteborg
4
  Sweden
   
  ;
Cumulative contributions (teams)
   
 

The complete list is available at: Teams-Countries-Players-78

   
 
Pos
Log
Team
Country
Flag
Tot
30
34
38
50
54
58
62
66
70
74
78
1
File:Escudo de Peñarol.svg
  Peñarol
56
5
1
9
9
7
11
8
6
 
2
File:Club Nacional de Football's logo.png
  Nacional
50
9
1
5
8
9
6
8
4
 
3
  Juventus   Italy
45
10
2
4
5
1
2
4
2
6
9
4
  Internazionale   Italy
42
4
5
5
6
1
2
7
6
5
1
5
File:Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas logo.svg
  Botafogo
  Brazil
40
4
9
5
1
1
3
5
4
3
3
2
6
  Ferencvárosi TC   Hungary
33
6
8
1
3
4
6
 
5
7
  Red Star Belgrade
  Yugoslavia
32
8
5
6
5
8
 
8
  Colo-Colo
  Chile
31
8
6
5
3
9
 
9
  Universidad de Chile
  Chile
29
3
9
14
3
 
10
  Újpest FC   Hungary
28
7
5
2
1
4
4
 
5
11
  Fluminense
  Brazil
27
5
5
2
4
1
3
2
2
1
2
  São Paulo FC
  Brazil
27
4
4
4
3
2
2
1
4
3
  PFC CSKA Sofia
  Bulgaria
27
8
5
7
7
 
  FC Barcelona   Spain
27
3
5
7
5
1
6
15
  SK Rapid Wien
  Austria
26
5
4
10
5
 
2
  CD Guadalajara
  Mexico
26
3
2
6
7
4
2
 
2
17
  River Plate
25
7
6
5
2
5
  Vasco da Gama
  Brazil
25
4
2
1
8
3
3
1
 
3
  MTK Budapest FC   Hungary
25
3
7
6
3
4
1
 
1
  A.C. Milan   Italy
25
1
2
2
1
8
3
4
3
1
  1. FC Köln   West Germany
25
2
3
4
3
5
3
5
22
  Santos FC
  Brazil
24
1
3
7
6
5
2
 
  Club América
  Mexico
24
5
3
1
2
1
5
2
5
  Alianza Lima
  Peru
24
10
5
1
8
25
  SK Slavia Praha
  Czechoslovakia
23
10
9
2
1
1
 
 
  AC Sparta Prague
  Czechoslovakia
23
6
8
2
2
2
3
 
 
  Manchester United   England
23
2
3
3
1
3
3
4
4
  Real Madrid   Spain
23
5
1
1
7
6
1
2
  Malmö FF   Sweden
23
1
8
2
2
2
8
30
  PFC Levski Sofia
  Bulgaria
22
4
4
6
8
 
  Dukla Prague
  Czechoslovakia
22
7
7
7
1
 
 
  Lausanne Sports   Switzerland
22
2
1
3
4
5
7
 
 
  Grasshopper-Club Zürich   Switzerland
22
6
9
1
3
1
1
1
 
34
  Flamengo
  Brazil
21
2
3
2
3
4
2
1
2
2
  FC Bayern München   West Germany
21
1
2
1
1
2
3
8
3
36
  Vasas SE   Hungary
20
1
4
5
6
 
4
  Budapest Honvéd FC   Hungary
20
1
8
4
1
3
 
3
       
  ;
Leagues that countributed players for national teams
   
 
The most important leagues that contributed players to the national teams are shown in the table below.

   
 
Pos
Country
Flag
NoP
1
 West Germany
30
2
 France
24
 Spain
24
4
 Mexico
23
5
 Brazil
22
 Hungary
22
 Iran
22
 Italy
22
9
 Argentina
21
 Peru
21
 Poland
21
12
 Tunisia
20
13
 Austria
17
 Netherlands
17
15
 Sweden
16
16
 England
15
17
 Scotland
7
18
 Belgium
6
19
 Saudi Arabia
1
 Switzerland
1
   
   
Cumulative contributions (leagues)
   
 
Pos
Country
Flag
Total
30
34
38
50
54
58
62
66
70
74
78
Cha
3587
243
317
316
270
345
342
350
352
349
351
352
1
 Brazil
242
24
15
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
27
22
0
2
 Italy
216
22
22
22
22
6
25
29
24
22
22
0
3
 England
198
22
29
55
21
22
22
12
15
0
4
 West Germany
189
22
13
22
18
21
19
20
24
30
0
5
 Mexico
175
17
22
22
22
22
22
23
2
23
0
6
 France
159
19
23
25
22
21
2
20
3
24
+1
7
 Hungary
153
22
21
22
22
22
22
22
+1
8
 Uruguay
149
22
2
22
22
21
22
22
16
-2
9
 Argentina
144
22
18
22
22
22
17
21
+2
10
 Switzerland
127
23
20
19
22
18
22
1
1
1
-1
11
 Czechoslovakiakia
126
17
22
22
22
22
21
-2
12
 Sweden
123
16
22
18
17
18
16
16
2
13
 Yugoslavia
121
13
22
22
22
22
20
-1
14
 Spain
117
22
22
1
21
20
7
24
+2
15
 Belgium
116
16
22
23
22
25
2
6
-2
16
 Chile
102
19
21
22
22
18
-1
17
 Austria
92
22
9
22
22
17
+2
18
 Bulgaria
88
22
22
22
22
-1
 Soviet Union
88
22
22
22
22
-1
20
 Netherlands
82
22
21
1
21
17
+2
21
 Romania
73
15
15
21
22
-1
22
 Paraguay
67
22
22
22
1
-1
23
 Peru
65
21
22
1
21
+1
 Poland
65
22
22
21
+1
25
 United States
52
16
19
17
-2
26
 Scotland
49
15
17
10
7
0
27
 Bolivia
36
17
19
0
28
23
22
1
0
29
 Australia
22
22
0
22
22
0
 East Germany
22
22
0
 Iran
22
22
 Israel
22
22
0
 Korea DPR
22
22
0
 Turkey
22
22
0
 Zaire
22
22
0
37
 El Salvador
21
21
-1
 Norway
21
21
-1
39
 Haiti
20
20
-1
 Tunisia
20
20
41
 Morocco
19
19
-2
42
 Indonesia
17
17
-2
43
 Cuba
15
15
-2
 Egypt
15
15
-2
15
15
-2
46
 Wales
9
9
-2
47
 Saudi Arabia
1
1
 Trinidad and Tobago
1
1
-2
   
        
Coaches contributed by country
 
 
Pos
Country
Flag
NoC
1
  Austria
2
2
1
  Brazil
1
  France
1
  Hungary
1
  Iran
1
  Italy
1
  Mexico
1
  Peru
1
  Poland
1
  Scotland
1
  Spain
1
  Sweden
1
  Tunisia
1
  West Germany
1
 
 
Cumulative contributions (coaches)
 
Pos
Country
Flag
Tot
30
34
38
50
54
58
62
66
70
74
78
Ch
 
169
13
16
15
13
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
1
  Brazil
13
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
0
2
12
2
2
2
1
2
1
1
1
-1
3
  Hungary
11
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
0
  Italy
11
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
1
0
5
10
2
1
1
3
1
1
1
0
6
  Austria
9
2
1
2
1
1
2
+2
  West Germany
9
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
8
  Yugoslavia
8
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
-2
9
  Czechoslovakia
7
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
-1
  Spain
7
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
+2
7
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
-1
12
  France
6
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
  Mexico
6
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
  Scotland
6
1
2
1
1
1
0
15
  Chile
5
1
1
1
1
1
-3
16
  Soviet Union
4
1
1
1
1
0
17
  Belgium
3
1
1
1
0
  Bulgaria
3
1
1
1
0
  Poland
3
1
1
1
+4
  Romania
3
1
1
1
0
  Sweden
3
               
1
1
1
+4
3
1
1
1
0
23
  Netherlands
2
1
1
-2
  Paraguay
2
1
1
-2
  Switzerland
2
1
1
-2
26
1
             
1
0
  Bolivia
1
1
0
  Cuba
1
1
0
  East Germany
1
     
1
0
  Haiti
1
             
1
0
  Iran
1
1
  Israel
1
             
1
0
  North Korea
1
1
0
  Northern Ireland
1
1
0
  Norway
1
1
0
  Peru
1
1
1
1
0
  Tunisia
1
1
  Wales
1
1
0
        
 
Referees, countries and world cup matches
 
Referees from 44 countries have conducted 308 world cup matches till The 1978 FIFA Worl Cup.
   
 
Pos
Country
Flag
Tot
30
34
38
50
54
58
62
66
70
74
78
Ch
308
18
17
18
22
26
35
32
32
32
38
38
1
26
     
7
4
4
2
4
1
3
1
0
2
  Italy
25
7
2
4
2
1
1
2
2
2
2
0
3
  France
19
1
5
2
4
2
2
1
2
+1
  Switzerland
19
2
2
1
2
2
3
2
2
2
1
0
5
  Belgium
17
5
2
3
1
1
1
2
1
1
0
6
  Spain
14
     
1
1
2
3
2
2
1
2
+1
  West Germany
14
1
1
1
2
1
3
1
3
1
0
8
13
5
1
1
1
1
2
2
0
9
  Austria
12
2
1
2
2
1
1
2
1
-1
  Brazil
12
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
-1
11
  Netherlands
11
1
2
1
3
2
1
1
0
  Scotland
11
     
1
2
1
2
1
1
1
2
+3
  Wales
11
     
2
3
2
1
2
1
0
14
  Hungary
10
   
1
2
2
1
1
1
2
+1
  Soviet Union
10
         
2
4
1
1
2
-3
16
  Sweden
9
2
2
1
1
1
2
+1
9
2
2
1
2
1
1
-1
18
  Israel
6
             
2
1
3
+6
  Peru
6
           
3
1
1
1
0
20
  Chile
5
1
2
1
1
-2
  Mexico
5
               
3
1
1
-2
5
       
1
1
1
1
1
-2
  Yugoslavia
5
       
1
1
1
1
1
-2
24
  Czechoslovakia
4
   
1
1
1
1
-6
  East Germany
4
               
2
1
1
0
  Romania
4
               
1
1
2
+3
27
  Egypt
3
             
1
1
1
-3
28
  Iran
2
                 
1
1
0
  Senegal
2
                 
1
1
0
30
1
                 
1
-2
  Bolivia
1
1
-2
  Bulgaria
1
             
1
-2
  Canada
1
                 
1
-2
1
                 
1
-2
  Denmark
1
         
1
-2
  Ethiopia
1
               
1
-2
  Finland
1
         
1
-2
  Northern Ireland
1
             
1
-2
  Poland
1
                   
1
  Singapore
1
                 
1
-2
  Syria
1
                 
1
  Turkey
1
                 
1
-2
1
               
1
-2
  Venezuela
1
                 
1
-2
      
 
Referees, confederations and world cup matches
 
Referees from 6 confederations have conducted 308 world cup matches till The 1978 FIFA Worl Cup.
   
 
Pos
Confederation
Logo
Tot
30
34
38
50
54
58
62
66
70
74
78
Per
 
308
18
17
18
22
26
35
32
32
32
38
38
1
  UEFA
236
6
17
18
19
24
32
26
25
20
24
25
76.62%
2
  CONMEBOL
48
12
   
3
2
3
6
4
5
7
6
15.58%
3
  CONCACAF
7
             
4
2
1
2.27%
  AFC
7
             
2
1
2
2
2.27%
5
  CAF
6
             
1
2
2
1
1.95%
6
  None *
3
                   
3
0.97%
7
  OFC
1
                 
1
0.32%
 
In the late 1970s and 1980s, the Israel Football Association was not affiliated with any confederation.  
 
 
 
Attendance
   
 
The total attendance at the World Cup as well as both the total and average attendance for each of the national teams is shown in the table below.

   
 
Pos
Flag
Team
Total
#M
Average
  
1,545,791
38
40,679
1
  Italy
411,952
7
58,850
2
  Argentina
398,208
7
56,887
3
  Netherlands
301,402
7
43,057
4
  Brazil
280,410
7
40,059
5
  Germany
280,119
6
46,687
6
  Austria
247,549
6
41,258
7
  Poland
211,819
6
35,303
8
  Peru
191,195
6
31,866
9
  France
137,166
3
45,722
10
  Hungary
121,275
3
40,425
11
  Spain
117,744
3
39,248
12
  Sweden
116,125
3
38,708
13
  Scotland
80,995
3
26,998
14
  Mexico
75,305
3
25,102
15
  Iran
62,631
3
20,877
16
  Tunisia
57,687
3
19,229
                                         
 
Cumulative attendance
   
Pos
Flag
Team
Total
#M
Average
Ch
 
11,430,038
308
37,111
 
1
  Brazil
2,609,633
52
50,185
0
2
  Germany
2,083,682
47
44,334
0
3
  Italy
1,667,064
36
46,307
+1
4
  Uruguay
1,275,366
29
43,978
-1
5
  Argentina
1,237,967
29
42,689
+3
6
  England
1,120,322
24
46,680
-1
7
  Mexico
923,619
24
38,484
0
8
  Sweden
910,057
28
32,502
+1
9
  Yugoslavia
868,892
25
34,756
-3
10
  Netherlands
764,298
16
47,769
+7
11
  Soviet Union
759,624
19
39,980
-1
12
  Hungary
696,352
26
26,783
+1
13
  Spain
689,561
18
38,309
+1
14
  Chile
653,366
18
36,298
-3
15
  France
633,769
20
31,688
+1
16
  Switzerland
601,673
18
33,426
-4
17
  Poland
595,426
14
42,530
+2
18
  Austria
559,438
18
31,080
+3
19
  Czechoslovakia
530,440
22
24,111
-4
20
  Belgium
402,458
9
44,718
-2
21
  Peru
350,889
12
29,241
+7
22
  Portugal
336,240
6
56,040
-2
23
  Scotland
319,805
11
29,073
+3
24
  East Germany
287,965
6
47,994
-2
25
  El Salvador
285,242
3
95,081
-2
26
  Romania
254,753
8
31,844
-2
27
  Bulgaria
246,425
12
20,535
-2
28
  United States
162,701
7
23,243
-1
29
  Paraguay
105,306
7
15,044
0
30
  Haiti
104,200
3
34,733
0
31
  Korea DPR
94,875
4
23,719
0
32
  Zaire
90,200
3
30,067
0
33
  Wales
89,526
5
17,905
0
34
  Australia
87,700
3
29,233
0
35
  Northern Ireland
64,807
5
12,961
0
36
  Iran
62,631
3
20,877
37
  Tunisia
57,687
3
19,229
38
  Bolivia
49,056
3
16,352
-2
39
  Turkey
49,000
3
16,333
-2
40
  Israel
40,168
3
13,389
-2
41
  Morocco
38,778
3
12,926
-2
42
  Colombia
23,115
3
7,705
-2
43
  Cuba
22,000
3
7,333
-2
44
  Norway
19,000
1
19,000
-2
45
  South Korea
17,000
2
8,500
-2
46
  Egypt
9,000
1
9,000
-2
  Indonesia
9,000
1
9,000
-2
   
      
  Awards and best players
   
 
The top scorer (Golden Shoe) of the tournament was Mario Kempes from Argentina, who would go on to score six goals. The best young player of the tournament was Antonio Cabrini from Italy. The best goalkeeper was Ubaldo Fillol from Argentina. The names that people probably remember from those times are:

    
 
   
,
Ruud Krol (1949)
     
    
  All-star team
   
 
The All-Star Team is a team of the best performers at the respective World Cup finals.
   
 
 
 
  Cumulative participation by country
 
Pos
Team
Flag
Tot
30
34
38
50
54
58
62
66
70
74
78
Ch
1
  Brazil
24
2
4
1
6
5
5
1
0
2
  Italy
16
6
6
1
1
2
+1
3
15
7
5
1
2
-1
4
  West Germany
13
       
2
1
2
2
5
1
0
5
  Hungary
9
2
6
1
0
6
7
2
1
4
+4
7
  Netherlands
6
4
2
0
8
  England
5
4
1
-2
9
  Czechoslovakia
4
1
1
2
-2
  Spain
4
3
1
-2
11
3
3
-1
12
  Poland
2
                 
2
0
  Sweden
2
1
1
0
  Austria
2
1
1
0
  Chile
2
           
1
1
0
  France
2
       
2
0
  Northern Ireland
2
       
2
0
18
  Peru
1
1
  Soviet Union
1
           
1
0
1
1
0
  Yugoslavia
1
1
0
 
   
  
          Last updated: 6 January 2018
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